1.Cultivativation in NigeriaColanitida and Cola accuminata are obtained from cola treesthat grow in very large quantities and are also cultivated in the equatorialrain forest, which is the southern part of Nigeria and they also can be grownand cultivated in the rest of West Coast of Africa. Thereare two common species namely· Colaaccuminata· ColanitidaCola accuminata is amonocotyledon plant while Cola nitida is a dicotyledon plant.
Under the colanitida specie there are two subspecies namely 1. albaThis is white in color 2. rubraThis is red in color. 1.
2. Social Importance The cola nut comes from WestAfrica, and was said to originally only be owned by the gods. However,one of the gods left a piece behind when he visited the earth, and a man foundit. He started to eat it, but the god returned and forced the man to give itback by pressing his finger in to the man’s throat.
This is said to be theorigin of the Adam’s apple. Cola nutswere used for magic and as aphrodisiacs and amulets. They are stillcentral to the religious and social worlds of many African culturesIn Nigeria, the cola nut is the mostimportant element of social life. I. Colanuts are offered to guests in order to show respect, II. They are given to lovers to express one’sfeelings, III. They are exchanged in business to sealcontracts IV.
They are offered to the ancestors, spirits,and gods. These nuts are consumed at all social and religious events, includingburials, sacrifices and baptisms. All traditional and community meetingsbegin with the breaking and chewing of cola nuts. They are placed at crossroadsas protective talismans, and are used as payment for divination services and aspart of divination ceremonies. During the ancient days Cola nuts were also usedas currency in Africa and Nigerians also partake in this tradition for sometime. Some myth says taking one nut with alcohol is said to preventdrunkenness. (Keith Cleversley2002) The Cola accuminata is more popular in the Igbo and Ig-edde tribes ofthe Eastern and Middle Belt regions respectively in Nigeria, while Cola nitida is preferred by theHausa-Fulani tribes of the Northern part of Nigeria.
(J O IbuET all 2009). In Nigeria, kola is distributed along the railway line linking Lagos andKassa Marire market in Kano in the North. Most trade transactions are made withretailers through verbal agreement Figure3. Map of Cola distribution inNigeria Breakingof the Cola seeds is another important ceremony. Kola nuts are not onlyknown for its origin to many American and European soft-drinks and its chewingby laborers to diminish hunger and fatigue, but even more for its sacredsignificance in Igbo land, where they are use due to its importance and has acultural respect attached to it. The Hausa traders from Nigeria are the most popularpeople known for selling the kola nuts across Nigeria , they tour a number of villages and towns buying stocks of kola which they usually hire a storeroom where they keep their produce in other to storethem and also protect the kola nut. Some problems associated with Local Markets can be : Price formation, storage of the product , increase in demand and transportation cost.