The repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
a story with two or more meanings—a literal level and one or more symbolic levels
a struggle between opposing forces (man vs. man; man vs. himself; man vs.
.6 Point of view:
the perspective from which a story is told. -First person: I -Omniscient third-person: the narrator knows and tells about what many of the characters think and feel (ex. The story of Rip Van Winkle; The Devil and Tom Walker) -limited third-person: the narrator related the inner thoughts and feelings of only one character, and everything is viewed from this character’s perspective. (An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge)
the use of clues to suggest events that have yet to occur
A figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration, or overstatement, for effect. (He sweated bullets!)
the descriptive or figurative language used to create a picture in the reader’s mind
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles. (The fog crept on little cat feet.
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning. (buzz, slither, drip, etc.)
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes. (The trees swayed in the breeze.)
A word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for effect, several times in a poem.
a figure of speech in which contradictory ideas or terms are combined next to each other (thunderous silence; jumbo shrimp; sweet sorrow, etc.)
time; place; mood (gloomy, light-hearted, etc.)
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself.
sequence of events: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
: the central message, insight, or moral of a work
The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words that are close together,
20. Tone: the writer’s attitude toward his subject, characters, or audience (formal or informal; friendly or distant; sarcastic, humorous,)
Two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
22. Figurative Language
Language used in poetry and literature that allows the reader to see a picture (by use of simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, etc.)
The repetition of grammatical structure to emphasize and to link related ideas. (Declaration of Independence)
A statement that appears self-contradictory but that reveals a kind of truth. (The only constant thing in life is change.
: to take ideas, writings, etc. from another and pass them off as one’s own by not giving credit to the original author
A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles. (She is as light as a feather.)
One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines. (a ‘paragraph’)
The liberty taken by a writer or artist in deviating from Conventional form or fact to achieve a desired effect. (ain’t got no….)
a type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change. (ex. “Rip Van Winkle”: Irving pokes fun at the
a contrast between what is stated and what is meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
31. Verbal irony
a word or phrase is used to suggest the opposite of its usual meaning.
32. dramatic irony-
there is a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows.
33. situational irony-
an event occurs that contradicts the expectations of the characters, of the reader, or of the audience
a ‘play on words’ based on similar spelling or multiple meaning of the same word; often used for humor (examples: I tried to learn how to drive a stick shift but couldn’t locate the manual.; The student was an aggressive learner – he hit the books. )