Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Stacey Little
Last updated: September 26, 2019
Routing is the first stage of production planning, itspurpose is to design the process of manufacturing the product. During thisstage the sequence in which each process is completed is determined. The facility in which theproduct will be manufactured needs to be determined. This may even involve designinga new facility with the correct amount of space for each stage of productionbut also with an efficient layout. Thesupplier of raw materials or resources needs to be decided so that the qualityof the final product can be determined and sent to the marketing departmentready for advertising.
Theamount of products to be made is an important factor to consider in this stageso that the production line and machinery can cope with the demand. New machinerymay need to be ordered to complete specific jobs or to replace human workerseg. Robots. Thetype of production method needs to be determined and once determined, thesequence of each required process can be created and changed to achieve themost efficient process possible. Routingmust take into account many factors such as human needs, these could be breaks forlunch or even planning ahead incase of injury or sick days.
Suitable employeesmust be chosen to complete each job. The skill level of each employee should bedetermined so that additional training can be conducted before they areexpected to work on a section. 2. Scheduling is the second stage ofproduction planning. It sorts out the details in the schedule and makes surethat the schedule can be completed in a realistic timescale. Itwill sort out the specific time needed to complete each process and allow extratime incase of any un-planned maintenance The schedulingprocess will determine the priority of each operation and if a certain task hasto be completed in a certain order. An example would be that you must wait formaterials to arrive before you can start manufacturing a part.
Thereare different timescales to the scheduling so that the workers can be given aweekly or daily schedule and the management can be given a schedule with alonger timescale. Ultimately,scheduling ensures that the process is as efficient as it can be and thecompany utilises resources in the best way possible 3. Dispatching is when the production isstarted and each part of the plan is implemented into the process. Dispatching includes doing the following tasks:- Receiving materials, machines and any parts needed to create theproduct- Issuing the technical drawings, creating specific instructions andinforming workers of specific details needed to complete their job- Creating log books to document the efficiency of the process and ensurethat each job is completed in the allocated timeframe.- Programming machinery so that it can be used correctly.- Recording down time in order to help calculate efficiency and help withimprovements in the future 4. Follow-up is the last process ofplanning and production.
It evaluates the whole process and researches intoways in which the process can be improved. It aims to reduce delays or anylimitations in the process. Follow up ensures that future work runs smoothlywith minimal issues.