10th Grade Literary Terms

Topics: LifeHero

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Last updated: April 24, 2019

Allegory
story on a smaller scale where the characters setting, and plot are symbolic of a story on a larger scale.

alliteration
repitition of similar words or sounds in succession or groups of words

allusion
brief reference to another well known person, event of idea

ethos
credibility of senscerety of the reader

logos
logical

pathos
appeal to emotion

antagonist
bad guy, works against the protagonist

protagonist
main character, good guy

dynamic
character who changes over time

flat
known for only one thing

static
a character thet stays the same and doesn’t learn anything

exposition
the beginning in which you get background info

complication
the problem that faces the character

climax
high point of the story

resolution
end of the climax, problem is solved

denouement
morale

cliche
over used sayings

exteral conflicts
character is dealing with something outside of himself

internal conflicts
conflicts that happen inside the character

diction
word choice

direct address
specific speech intended for one audience

euphemism
substitution of a word for a less harsh word

foreshadowing
hints that imply what will happen later on in the story

hubris
excessive pride

hyperbole
exageration for effect

imagery
picture

dramaic irony
something that the reader knows but the character doesn’t

situational irony
discrepancy between what is expected, as in action or as regards to the situation/setting, and what one wold expect to happen

verbal irony
sarcasm

juxtaposition
place things next to each other for comparison

litotes
understatement “not”

malapropism
the misuse of words for a comedic effect

metaphor
comparison of two different things not useing like or as

metonymy
subjunction of a word or a regular part

negation
describing things in negative terms

onomatopoeia
sounds

oxymoron
two words next to each other that contradict each other

paradox
a statement that is originally contradictory, but on futher reading has some sence to it

personification
non-living things that are given human like characteristics

point of view
perspective from which the story is told

pun
play on words

setting
time, place

similie
a comparison useing like or as

symbol
physical representation of an intangeable object

syntax
how words are put together

theme
topic point, , a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

tone
authors attitude towards the topic

tragic hero
a protagonist that has a flaw

understatement
A form of irony in which something is intentionally represented as less than it is

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