Example: “As a teen, Bill Gates use to go dumpster diving at his workplace, seeking information; that’s how he got his hands on some impressive source codes.”
A statement or assertion that arouses an opinion or response from your reader.Example: “You’ll soon be able to upload your dreams to Youtube.”
A pair of concepts that don’t go together.
Example: “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.”
A definition (Caution—don’t quote the dictionary) of a term or concept that is relevant to your work.Example: “a weevil is a small, herbivorous beetle that is known to wipe out entire crops of cotton and stored grains.”
A situation where a choice must be made between two or more, usually undesirable, outcomes.Example: “The doctors gave me a choice; without health insurance, they would reattach both fingers for $60,000 or just my index finger for $12,000.”
An interesting fact from a reliable source.
Example: “One fast food meal contains all the calories you need in a day.”
A quote from a famous person that is relevant to your work.Example: “Ghandi famously said, ‘Be the change you wish you see in the world.'”
A joke, quip, or scene that arouses laughter or amusement in your readers.
Example: “What’s worse than raining buckets? Hailing taxis in Boston.”
A short story about an experience in your life that is relevant to the writing topic.Example: “As a child I was deathly afraid of water, so naturally I joined the swim team.”
A question that inspires curiosity, but that cannon be simply answered (but it should be addressed in your essay).
Example: “What does it mean to be happy?”
A description of a scene or setting that stimulates any of the five senses.Example: “In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, willed with the ends of worms and an oozy smell…it was a hobbit-hole, and that means comfort.”
Simile or metaphor
A comparison of one thing to another, usually unrelated, thing.Example: “The sentence was as powerful as Joe Frazier’s left hook; it KO’d the reader in a few short words.”
A startling statistic from a reliable source.Example: According to the European Cockpit Association, “Forty-three percent of pilots admit to involuntarily falling asleep during a flight.”