This paper was also submitted at Rasmussen and scored a whopping 36% after I completed my Disability paperwork. Let me know if you learned anything? The dean is a grad from Northeastern Univ. where “Great Books” Vice Pres is an educator. I learned something doing this paper and love sports, but am now partially disabled and paying for it with my grades, even though I am still doing the work. ACamfield_module2English_101704 Photo:Wikipedia 1919 White Sox 1919 Black Sox Scandal ?
The 1919 Black Sox Scandal refers to the Chicago White Sox baseball team “ throwing” the 1919 World Series to the Cincinatti Reds. According to Wikipedia, the entire conflict was started by 1st Baseman Arnold “Chick” Gandil in retaliation for some of the teams’ players hatred for the owner, “ Charles Comiskey. Eight of the members that took the field during the 1919 World Series were forever banned from playing the sport of baseball. Gandil is believed to have started the incident with his underworld ties.
Other players that were initially involved were: Eddie Collins (2nd Base), Roy Schalk (catcher), and Red Faber (pitcher). Eventually, other players became involved such as: starting pitchers Eddie Cicotte and Claude “Lefty” Williams, Oscar “Happy” Fields (outfielder) and Charles “Swede” Risberg (shortstop). Three of the players signed confessions which were later stolen from the Illinois State’s Attorney’s Office before the 1921 trial.
Two players who refused to participate were: Buck Weaver (third base) and Fred McMullin (utility infielder). Weaver was eventually banned for his knowledge of the situation without reporting it to the committee. McMullin threatened to expose the other players if he didn’t play in the Series, but spent most of his time on the bench. Some of the teams hatred for Comiskey stemmed from his underhanded tactics such as benching players like Cicotte so he couldn’t receive his $10,000 bonus for winning 30 games in the season.
He was benched after his 29th win. Later in court “Shoeless” Jackson fought for his unpaid back salary. Eliot Asinof’s 1963 account of the events, “Eight Men Out” was released as a major film in 1988 written and directed by: John Sayles. The movie stars such favorites as: John Cusack, Christopher Lloyd (Back To the Future fame), Charlie Sheen and Kevin Tighe; along with some other familiar faces you might recognise. If you watch the trailer to the film (http://www. imbd. om/video/screenplay/), you will wonder why these men who seemed to have had the support of the world and so much promise, would throw a game just because of their hatred for their owner. If you watch even just the trailer and are familiar with some of the background on the story, you can almost place yourself back in time imagining why each of these players may have participated and wonder why they would organise the “Confidence Game” they were eventually convicted of and banned from baseball from forever for.
I also found another unpublished screenplay by Peter Delacourte of which I could not find any specific information. The underworld figures that were supposedly involved were: Joseph “Sport” Sullivan and Arnold Rothstein. Rothstein supposedly provided the money through his Lieutenant, Abe Attel, former Featherweight Boxing Champ. # Rothstein was murdered in 1928. The story had to be one of the most highly publicized scandals in the early 1900’s next to news articles about World War I and World War II. I found the book, “Eight Men Out” by Asinof (Amazon. com).
Briefly looking inside, the book states in the forward that various newspapers and weekly sports publications ran stories on the 1919 World Series Black Sox Scandal including, the “Chicago Herald and Examiner”, the “New York Evening World”, the “New York Sun”, the “Philadelphia North American”, the “Chicago Tribune”, the “Chicago American” and syndicated writers Damon Runyan and Ring Lardner; including “Baseball’s National Weekly”, “The Sporting News” (St. Louis) and “Baseball Magazine. ” Remember, national baseball was only in it’s birth stage. According to the Baseball Almanac, 1903 was the first official World Series.
In the book “Shoeless Joe”, there is a quote I remembered from a film with Kevin Costner, “Field of Dreams“. The quote states, “If you build it, he will come. ”# After the quote, in 1945 it states that Ty Cobb names “Shoeless Joe” the best left fielder of a time. The writer mentions how his dad saw “Shoeless Joe” playing baseball in South Carolina under an assumed name and somewhat heavier. He also speaks of how his father came back from WW II to watch the White Sox lose the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds to later find out that the game was “fixed. Right now I’m listening to a National League Championship Series baseball game on ESPN radio between Philadelphia Phillies and the San Francisco Giants because I don’t have a TV. The Giants are winning 4-1. The Phillies’ pitcher was Roy Holiday, but they have have to switch because the Giants scored 2 RBIs off Holiday. It sounds like the Phillies are losing it, but they still have time to prove themselves. It’s the sixth inning and I only recognise a couple of names. This winner of this game could potentially play in the World Series on Oct. 7 of 2010, less than two weeks away. I haven’t seen a baseball game in quite some time. Even though I prefer to play as opposed to watching baseball, I think sometimes politics “railroads” specific people. In my time, it was Pete Rose. He was robbed of everything, even the Cooperstown Hall of Fame while playing for who else, but the Cincinnati Reds. The story was in the tabloids for weeks on end. As it goes, history repeats itself and one bad incident can ruin an entire career. I love baseball. Actually, I love sports.
But as you get older, you don’t see through the eyes of a child anymore. You realise what underhanded, greedy politics and emotions can do to people as they become more “responsible” in life. Paying their bills (Cicotte), wanting to be somebody; obtaining fortune and fame were obvious factors in the 1919 Black Sox Scandal. It is amazing that hatred and greed overrode the fame and fortune of winning the World Series. Although they seemed narrow and shallow for throwing the game, at the time, baseball players salaries were not as exhorbitant as they are today.
Cicotte’s need to retaliate against the owner for being benched, overcame his desire to win the game and become a famous pitcher. In a way, it seems very sad that their anger overtook the desire to win. I have played sports. There is nothing like winning. If you’re a major league player, your name goes down in the Baseball Hall of Fame for future generations to worship. The Chicago White Sox only know what they missed today if they are still the few that are alive who refused to talk about the setup and to experience the future they could have participated in.
I have an incling that the entire story has never been told. References: Wikipedia: http//www. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Black_Sox_Scandal Wikimedia photo release: http://www. common. wikimedia. org/wiki/common:Reusing_content_Wikimedia Eight Men Out screenplay trailer: http://www. imbd. com/video/screenplay/vi3584295193 www. faqs. org/copyright/eight-men-out-by-eliot-asinof Amazon. com: “Eight Men Out”, by Eliot Asmof, Joseph J. Gould Amazon. com: “Shoeless Joe”, by W. P. Kinsella, P. 6. Baseball Almanac – http://www. baseball-almanac. com/ws/wsmenu. shtml