Conscientiousness(C) ischaracterized by competence, order, achievement striving, and self-discipline.
(Kanai et al., 2011) Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) is portrayed by deficitsin attentional shifting, inhibitory control, and other aspects ofself-regulation which might point towards a low C. On the other hand, the obsessional focus inASD on narrow domains of interest might result in high C due to their tendencyto be organized and be task-oriented. (Schriber et al., 2014)Accordingto personality scores on FFM inventory, adults with ASD scored significantlylower on conscientiousness than typically developing adults.
(Schwartzman,Wood & Kapp, 2016). The Japanese version of the NEO-FFI was administered inJapan and it was found that the score of conscientiousness was alsosignificantly lower in individuals with ASD compared to the control group. (Kanai et al.
, 2011) Theself-other agreement of the rating of conscientiousness differ significantly. Childrenwith ASD tend to rate their personality traits more favorably than did their parents, rating themselves asbeing higher on C. Individuals with ASD have selective social deficits, someindividuals could have had difficulty understanding the questions that probed.
This lack of expertise could also explain why self–other agreement forconscientiousness has been low. Another possible explanation of it is childrenwith ASD compare themselves with others with ASD, leading to an overestimationof their conscientiousness level, whereas others compare themselves withtypically developing individuals, leading to a more accurate rating. (Schriberet al., 2014) Anotherstudy compared people with ASD with those with personality disorders.Individuals with ASD scored significantly higher in conscientiousness than borderlinepersonality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder patients.
Specifically,ASD scores were significantly higher on the subscales of order, deliberation,and dutifulness. (Strunz et al., 2015) These aforementionedcharacteristics correspond well to typical behavior patterns of individualswith ASD, who tend to adhere to routines and plan their behavior well inadvance of acting. High functioning adults with ASD (who used to be diagnosedwith Asperger’s before DSM-5) are more likely to use a systematic approach andfollow established routine. The results with respect to the NEO-PI-RConscientiousness subscale suggest that most individuals with ASD are very wellorganized (subscale order), think things through before acting (subscaledeliberation), and take moral obligations very seriously (subscaledutifulness).
Individuals with ASD also showed a personality that can bedescribed as very straightforward, orderly and conscientious.(Strunz et al., 2015)Ina nutshell, the role of conscientiousness in ASD is complex and partlydependent on the degree of functionality and severity of the disorder. (Strunzet al., 2015)