International Perspectives

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Last updated: August 23, 2020

Anyone else found in possession of this document without Proper clearance will be subject to full disciplinary measures.  The aim of this assignment is to identify terrorism and what it is, the methods that they use and the way governments combat it. ‘The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence against people or property to coerce, or intimidate governments, or societies, often to achieve political, religious, or ideological objectives.’What we know about Terrorists There are many various terrorist organisations scattered around the world, and their subsequent splinter cells, but the world’s main threat to west is the global terrorism organisation Al-Qaeda They have cells all over the world including the UK, but because of their Islamic roots and beliefs they originated from the Middle East, and were believe to be founded by Osama Bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian business man who did not like the West’s apparent increasing influence in the East mainly because of Oil.At this current moment in time Al-Qaeda is known to be mainly based in the Middle East in such countries as Uzbekistan, Yemen, Waziristan and Afghanistan. In Afghanistan they are harboured by the Taliban, this is the reason for the War on Terror now being fought in the region in the aftermath of 9/11.

The area bellow shows where Al Qaeda operates from, Southern Afghanistan and Northern Pakistan, an area which is very mountainous and is dominated by the Pashto tribesman, who form large elements of the Taliban in the area.The known Techniques used by Al Qaeda This organisation is known to have used suicide bombings most notably the bombings of the Twin Towers in New York on September the 11th 2001, Al Qaeda hijacked four commercial airliners full with passengers, with which two struck the twin towers, one hit the Pentagon and Flight 93, which was thought to be headed to the Whitehouse crashed in a field in Pennsylvania due to intervention by the captive hostages.As well as the suicide bombings they have used methods like torture and abduction with ransom and beheading of their captives. Such as Kenneth Bigely who was beheaded before the world on October 7th 2004. Other Organisations in recent years that have posed a threat to the UK and its interests at Home and abroad are the IRA who targeted the British Troops who occupied Northern Ireland, to start with the IRA mainly engaged troops with firearms using ambushes but these were proving to be costly because of the British’s extensive firepower, so over time bombs were developed, and civilian targets were also more and more used to put their point over, such as the Armagh bombings, also the IRA made attempts to assassinate key members of the British establishment such as Margaret Thatcher, one of their successful attempts were the assassination of Lord Mountbatten, The IRA planted a bomb on his yacht which was harboured in Ireland, and when It was detonated Mountbatten went down with his ship.Other terrorist groups include Black September who conducted the bombings and abduction of Israeli competitors at the Summer Olympics in Munich in 1972.

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The Palestinian group ended up killed all eleven Israeli athletes in a botched attempt to save them by German Officials.This Massacre led to the creation of Special Counter Terrorist Units around the globe whose purpose was to deal with this new threat. Types of Counter-terrorist measures used to combat terrorism To combat terrorism the modern world has had to improvise and devise new techniques or adapt existing ways because of the ever changing mind of terrorists. After the Munich Massacre the Development of Special Operations Units whose sole purpose to tackle terrorist incidents with force and precision was created with such groups as the SAS counter terrorism unit and armed police units such as SO19, the French GIGN, the German GSG9 and the USA’s SWAT.

Although some of these units have other responsibilities through service their when dealing with terrorists is quickly, cleanly and efficiently neutralising a terrorist damage with little or no damage to anything else such as hostages and international relations. To prevent terrorist atrocities the governments of today try to make sure that their police forces and security forces are gathering information on terror suspects via surveillance and interrogation of arrested suspects. The UK’s SIS and GCHQ mainly deal with these issues.As shown in the wake of the 9/11 attacks there can also be an overseas offensive approach to tackling terrorism, an example of this would be at the very beginning of the War on Terror the American and British Navy’s and Air Forces used precision munitions drop by planes and fired by ships to damage and destroy Al-Qaeda terrorist training camps in the areas of Northern Pakistan and Southern Afghanistan.

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