5 elements of literature

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Last updated: April 23, 2019
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Non Fiction

the 5 elements of literature
1. plot2.

characters3. theme4. setting5.

point of view

when and where the work takes place

people, animals, or objects that take place in the action of the story. this includes: protagonists and antagonists.

the main character; the hero or heroin.

the character the moves against the protagonist; usually the villain.

the main idea or message in the work that the author tries to give the reader.

point of view
how the story is told. when determining the P. O.

V , never use dialogue. there is 5 types of point of view.

the 5 types of point of view
1. 1st person- a character in the story tells the story.2. 2nd person- the author of the story speaks to the reader.

seldom used and never used alone.3. 3rd person omniscient- no narrator, but author gives the thoughts and feelings of 2 or more characters.4. 3rd person limited- no narrator, but author gives thoughts and feelings of only one character.

5. 3rd person objective- no narrator, and author describes what the character sees, smells, hears, touches instead of thoughts and feelings.

the character that tells the story.

the sequences of events in the work, what takes place in the story. it is usually in the form of a plot diagram and has 7 parts.

the 7 parts of the plot diagram
1. exposition2. inciting incident 3.

rising action4. climax5. falling action6.

resolution7. denouncement

introduces characters and setting, usually point of view.

inciting incident
introduces the main problem, conflict, in the story.

” conflict”
the struggle between apposing forces. there are 4 types of conflict such as: man vs. man man vs. himself man vs. nature man vs.


rising action
events that lead up to the climax in the plot.

turning point, a major change happens in the main character(s) life after the conflict has been introduced. this can be a positive or negative change.

falling action
all the events that lead to the problem/ conflict being solved

the conflict/ problem being solved

what happens after the story: epilogue

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