5 Elements of Poetry

Topics: LifeChange

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Last updated: November 23, 2019

Form
1 element of poetry – form, lines and stanza

Sound
1 element of poetry – rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, otomatopoeia

Imagery
1 element of poetry – uses the 5 senses to paint a picture or image in the reader’s mind

Words
Good poets create great images by choosing the right _________ for the poems

Figurative language
Choosing words or phrases that help readers picture things in a new way

Figurative language
Examples of this are simile, metaphor, and personification

Speaker
The voice that relates the story or idea of the poem

Simile
The voice that relates the story or idea of the poem

Line
A unit of meaning; 1 word, a phrase, or even a sentence

Stanza
Lines that are grouped together (usually each has the same number of lines)

Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of lines or within lines (rhyming pattern)

Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhyme in a poem (aabb or abab)

Poem
A piece of writing often having a rhyme or rhythm which tells a story or describes a feeling

Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular pattern of rhythm or rhyme

Metaphor
Compares 2 unlike things, but does not use a word of comparison (a type of figurative language)

Personification
Gives human qualities to nonhuman things (a type of figurative language)

Alliteration
The repetition of constant sound in two or more words of a phrase or line in poetry

Example of an Alliteration
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers

Onomatopoeia
The use of words (such as hiss or murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to

Examples of onomatopoeia
Chug, chug, chug, puff, puff, ding dong…

Static
Does not go through any kind of change

Dynamic
Goes through some kind of change

Flat
Only 1 or 2 traits; often a secondary character

Round
Complex, realistic character

Plot
What happens in a story

Exposition
Introduction, contains setting and characters

Rising action
A character tries to solve a conflict

Climax
Tensest moment of the story

Falling action
Characters begin to apply a solution to the conflict and tie up loose ends

Resolution
How everything turns out

Setting
Where and when a story takes place (usually more than 1)

Theme
Message or meaning of a story

Conflict
A problem a character has to solve

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