6th Grade Reading Poetry Notes and Vocab

Topics: EnvironmentNature

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Last updated: December 9, 2019

line
a unit of meaning ( 1 word, a phrase, or even a sentence)

stanza
lines that are grouped together (usually each has the same number of lines)

rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the end of lines or with in lines (rhyming pattern)

rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem (aabb or abab)

poem
a piece of writing often having a rhyme or rhythm which tells a story or describes a feeling

literal language
a way in which you express yourself by saying exactly what you mean

characters
the people or aniamals that act like people in poems that tell a story

figurative language
an elaborate way of expressing yourself in which you don’t say exactly what you mean

simile
a comparison of 2 unlike things that uses a word of comparison such as “like” or “as” (a type of figurative language)

metaphor
compares 2 unlike things, but does not use a word of comparison (a type of figurative language)

personification
gives human qualities to nonhuman things (a type of figurative language)

free verse
-poetry that does not have a regular pattern of rhythm or rhyme-written without rhyme or rhythm-is very conversational (sounds like someone is talking with you)-some do not use punctuation or capialization, or other ways of breaking the rules of grammar-a more modern type of poetry-use you “senses” when writing

couplet
-a unit of verse consisting of 2 lines that usually rhyme-a couple= 2 people, 2 things, 2 of everything-may be humorous or serious-can be song lyrics, jokes, Dr. Seuss boooks, etc.

quatrain
-is not some strange train that is taken to “The Land of Qua”-“Quatr” means 4-has 4 lines with a rhyming pattern of aabb, aaaa, or abcd-one of the most common forms of poetry

limericks
-funny or silly poems with 5 lines-meant to be humorous-lines 1,2, and 5 rhyme with each other-llines 3 and 4 rhyme with each other-rhyme scheme of aabbaa-Edward Lear (1812-1888) made limericks popular

cinquain
-an unrhymed form of poetry invented by Adelaid Crapsey-5 lines in a syllabic pattern of 2,4,6,8,2

lune
-poetry form with 3 lines-format is 3 words, 5 words, 3 words-can be about anything

tanka
-japanese poetry similar to haiku-more vivid images then haiku-topics express love, nature, sadness, and seasons-5 lines, syllables (5,7,5,7,7, total 31)-form of poetry dates back 1200 years

triplet
-a 3 lined poem-rhyme schemes: aaa;aba;abc-varied rhyme scheme

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