7th grade poetry vocabulary

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: November 28, 2019

alliteration
the repetition of beginning sounds (usually consonants) in neighboring words

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in neighboring words

collection
a book of selected writings by one poet

couplet
a pair of lines, usually written in the same form; they usually rhyme and express a complete thought

diction
a poet’s choice of words and/or their arrangement

figurative language
comparisons between unrelated things or ideas

fluency
the smoothness, or flow, of a poem’s words

free verse
poetry that doesn’t have a set rhythm, line length, or rhyme pattern; instead, it relies on the natural rhythms of speech

imagery
any sensory (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing) impression that a poem produces in the mind of a reader

line
a group of words in a row; one unit of a poem; also called a verse

lyric poetry
short poems about personal experiences or feelings

metaphor
a comparison in which the poet writes about one thing as if it is something else

narrative poetry
a long poem (usually more than 60 lines) that tells a story

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

personification
a comparison that gives human qualities to an object, animal or idea

poetry
the work of a poet; a composition of words expressing facts, thoughts, or feelings in poetic form; a “word picture”

refrain
a repeated sound, word, phrase, line or group of lines

rhyme
identical, or very similar, recurring final sounds in words at the ends of lines of a poem

rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyming in a poem; to describe the pattern, each line is assigned a letter, and lines that rhyme are given the same letter

rhythm
the repetition of stressed or unstressed syllables in each line of poetry; the “beat”

simile
a kind of metaphor that uses like or as to compare two things

speaker/persona
the identity of the voice that speaks the words of a poem (not necessarily the same person as the poet)

stanza
a line or group of lines in a poem separated from other groups of lines by extra white space

symbol/symbolism
an object or action that suggests, in addition to itself, a further meaning

turn
a point in a poem when its meaning moves in a new and/or significant direction, or its theme emerges

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