8th Grade – Poetry Terms

Topics: CultureChristmas

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Last updated: December 1, 2019

concrete poems
shape of the poem on the page symbolizes the idea or image within the poem

free verse
rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set or fixed matrical pattern or expectation

lyric poetry
expresses poets thoughts and feelings; creates the mood throughvivid images, descriptive words and the musical quality of the lines

narrative poetry
a poem that tells a story (plot, characters, setting, conflict, theme)

poetic form
structure of a poem

haiku
japanese poem consisting of 3 lines whose subject is typically nature and express a single idea, emotion or mood. The first and third lines have 5 syllables and the 2nd line has 7 syllables.

refrain
word, phrase or group of lines that is repeated regularly in a poem or songEx. I have a dream

repetition
repeated words or grammatical structures

rhyme scheme
pattern of rhyming words at the end of one stanza or across an entire poem

rhythm
the heavy and light syllable emphasis while pronouncing words

sound devices
musical effects of poetry

blank verse
verse written in unrhymed iambic pentameter

Iamb
foot of 2 syllables with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

iambic pentameter
5 units of iambic beat

iambic tetrameter
4 units of iambic beatex :” i do not like green eggs and ham”

imagery
description that appeals to any of the senses (sight, sound, smell, taste, touch, action)

limerick
short, humorous poem consisting of 5 lines with the rhyme scheme aabba

metaphor
comparsion of 2 unlike things without using the word “like” or “as” with the intent of adding meaning to one of them

Meter
pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of a poem that produces its rhythm

Sonnet
14 line lyrical poem written in iambic pentameter but vary in structure and rhyme scheme

alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds anywhere in words ex: come, spoil, fun

connotation
all of the emotions and associations of a particular word ex: christmas – lights, giving, tree, cookies, family, music, santa

consonance
a repetition of consonant sounds anwhere in a word ex: all, little

denotation
strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word ex: Christmas – December 25th birth of Jesus

hyperbole
extreme exaggeration or overstatement

mood
emotions and feelings a reader gets from a story

onomatopeia
use of a word whose sounds in some degrees imitates or suggest its meaning

personification
a non-living object is given human like characteristics

tone
author’s voice or attitude about what he or she writes

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