8th Grade Poetry Test

Topics: EnvironmentNature

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Last updated: November 29, 2019

Stanza
a fixed number of lines of verse forma a unit of a poem

Free Verse
poetry written without proper rules about form, rhythm, meter, etc.

Meter
an organized rhythm in poetry that is usually repeated

Verse
a line of writing in which words are arranged in a rhythmic pattern

Haiku
A traditional form of Japanese poetry. Consists of 3 lines in a very specific order and rarely rhyme.

Sonnet
A fourteen line poem from Italian origin.

This uses iambic pentameter (eight lines in either ababcdcd or abba cddc form followed by a couplet)

Couplet
two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme that form a unit.

Ballad
Simple poem that is intended to be sung consisted of simple stanzas and having a refrain. Romantic or sentimental by nature.

Refrain
a phrase or verse that is recurring. (chorus)

Figurative Language
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Alliteration
It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.

Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.

Rhyme
Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.

End Rhyme
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

Internal Rhyme
Rhyme within a line

Idiom
A common, often used expression that doesn’t make sense if you take it literally.

Simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”

Metaphor
A comparison that does not use “like” or “as”

Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

Consonance
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.

Symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)images that can be seen or that are imagined

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