8th Grade Poetry Unit Vocabulary

Topics: LifeHero

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Last updated: December 17, 2019

Structure of Poetry
rhyme scheme, stanzas and imagery used in a poem

Lines
phrases or words in a stanza

Stanzas
what the lines of poems are organized into

Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

Tercet
3 line stanza

Quatrain
4 line stanza

Rhyme
Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.

Rhyme Scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

Meter
A generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry

Poetic Forms
how to poem is structured

Formal Verse
Poetry following specific rules such as meter, rhyme (scheme), etc.

Free Verse
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.

Lyric Poetry
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings

Narrative Poetry
poetry that tells a story

Ballad
A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas

Epic Poetry
a long, serious, poetic narrative about a significant event, often featuring a hero

Dramatic Poetry
a poem where one or more characters speak, telling what is happening through dialogue

Speaker
the narrator of a poem; not to be confused with the poet who wrote the poem.

Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

Sonnet
14 line poem

Ode
A tribute to someone or something of great importance to the poet

Elegy
a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.

Haiku
A japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables

Figurative Language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.

Literal
exact; precise; word for word

Simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”

Metaphor
A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.

Extended Metaphor
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Analogy
A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

Allusion
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.

Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

Sound Devices
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia – gives poetry a musical quality

Alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other

Consonance
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.

Repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.

Connotations
feelings and associations that go beyond the dictionary definition of a word

Denotations
dictionary meanings

Tone
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character

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