9th grade Elements of Literature World Literature (HOLT) Unit 1 and 2

Topics: EnvironmentNature

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Last updated: May 9, 2019

Allegory
(Noun) a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one

Belabor
(Verb) Argue or elaborate on excessive detail

Castigate
(Verb) Reprimand someone severely

Deferential
(Adjective) Respectfulshowing respect

Exhort
(Verb) strongly encourage or urge someone to do something

Forethought
(Noun) careful consideration of what will be necessary or may happen in the future

Hyperbole
(Noun) exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally

Incoherent
(Adjective) expressed in an incomprehensible or confusing way; unclear

Inept
(Adjective) having or showing no skill; clumsy

Insubstantial
(Adjective) lack of strength and solidity; not solid or real; imaginary

Maelstrom
(Noun) A powerful whirlpool in the sea or a river

Ominous
(Adjective) giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen

Personification
(Noun) The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman

Premeditate
(Verb) thinking out or plan before hand

Rectify
(Verb) put something right; correct

Redundant
(Adjective) not or no longer useful. Unnecessary repetition

Retort
(Verb) say something in answer to a remark or accusation, typically in a sharp, angry, or wittily incisive manner

Sequel
(Noun) a published broadcast or recorded work that continues the story or develops the theme of an earlier one; an event that follows something

Subterfuge
(Noun) Deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal

Vindicate
(Verb) clear someone of blame or suspicion; show or prove to be right; justify

Ameliorate
(Verb) make something bad better

Ardor
(noun) enthusiasm or passion

Cajole
(verb) to persuade by flattery or promises; coax

Cavalier
(adj.) showing a lack of proper concern; offhand

Dubious
(adj.) doubtful or hesitating

Ensconce
(verb) to settle securely or snugly

Expound
(verb) present and explain (a theory or idea) systematically and in detail

Flounder
(verb) struggle or stagger helplessly or clumsily in water or mud

Garrulous
(adj.) excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters

Implicit
(adj.) implied though not plainly expressed

Incognito
(adj.) (of a person) having one’s true identity concealed

Insatiable
(adj.) (of an appetite or desire) impossible to satisfy

Juxtaposition
(noun) the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect

Lithe
(adj.) (especially of a person’s body) thin, supple, and graceful

Luminous
(adj.) full of or shedding light; bright or shining, especially in the dark

Melancholy
(noun) a feeling of pensive sadness, typically with no obvious cause

Odious
(adj.) extremely unpleasant; repulsive

Philanthropy
(noun) the desire to promote the welfare of others, expressed especially by the generous donation of money to good causes

Rejuvenate
(verb) make (someone or something) look or feel younger, fresher, or more lively

Resonate
(verb) to have particular meaning or importance for someone

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