9th Grade English Honors Exam- Literature Vocabulary

Topic: ArtFrida Kahlo
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 14, 2019
Characterization
is the act of creating and developing a character

Direct Characterization
author directly states a character’s traits

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Indirect Characterization
author tells what a character looks like, does, and says, as well as how other characters react to him/her

Protagonist
main character in a literary work

Antagonist
is a character or force in conflict with a main character

Climax
is the high point of interest or suspense.

Figurative Language
of the nature of or involving a figure of speech, not literal

Flashbacks
a device in a literary work by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work

Foreshadowing
is the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur

Imagery
the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively

Inference
the process of deriving the strict logical consequences of assumed premises

Irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of its literal

Irony of the Situation
a situation in which there is an incongruity between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between the actual situation and what would seem appropriate

Verbal Irony
is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or situation in which there is an incongruity or discordance that goes beyond the simple and evident meany of words or actions

Dramatic Irony
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience or reader but not by the characters

Mood
feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage

Paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

First Person Narration
character in story tells story

Third Person Limited
narrative mode in which the reader experiences the story through the senses and thoughts of just one character.

Third Person Objective
narrator is an outsider who can report only when he/she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening but he/she can’t tell us the thoughts of the characters.

Third Person Omniscient
narrative mode in which both the reader and author observe the situation either through the senses and thoughts of more than one character, or through an overarching godlike perspective that sees and knows everything that happens and what the characters think.

Plot
sequence of events in a literary work.

Exposition
writing or speech that explains a process or presents information. Introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.

Rising Action
all the events leading up to the climax

Anticlimax
like a climax, it is a turning point in a story.

It is the point at which you learn the story will not turn out the way you had expected

Falling Action
comes after the climax and leads to the resolution

Resolution
a general insight or change is conveyed

Point of View
the writers choice of narrator determines this

Prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse

Satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly

Setting
is the time and place of the action in a literary work

Style
the choices a writer makes; the combination of distinctive features of a literary work

Symbolism
the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning

Theme
is a central messaging or insight into the life revealed through a literary work

Tone
writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and subject

Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

Conflict
is a struggle between opposing forces

Internal Conflict vs. External Conflict
character in a conflict with himself/herself vs. character struggles against an outside force

Man vs. Man
main character vs.

another character in story

Man vs. Nature
main character vs. some type of natural disaster

Man vs.

Self

main character vs. himself/herself

Man vs. Society
main character vs.

society or a large group of people

Figurative vs. Literal Language
nature of speech including figures of speech vs. words do not deviate from their defined meaning

Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)

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