a) of breakage (Center for Disease and Control,

Topic: Medicine
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Last updated: June 3, 2019

a)     Natural Family Planning      –         Rhythm Withdrawal Calendar Methods Advantage: It is an inexpensive andideal way to prevent pregnancy for those with religious belief that preventsthem from using other forms of contraceptives (Prior, 2017). Disadvantage: Does not protectagainst any form of STIs.  A woman musthave pretty regular periods as this method works best if ovulation occursregularly.    Effectiveness: this method has a22% failure rate when done correctly (Center for Disease and Control, 2017).Contraindication: Other than therebeing no protection against STI, there is no health contraindication noted. –         Condoms  Advantage: Protects againstSTI.  Both women and men can have controlover this form of birth control.

This is an immediate form of reversiblecontraception (Prior, 2017). Disadvantage: Must be appliedprior to intercourse. Can only be used once.  Cannot be used with oil based lubrication orlotion as it can increase risk of breakage (Center for Disease and Control,2017)Effectiveness: condoms has a 21%failure rate when used correctly (Center for Disease and Control, 2017)Contraindication: Most condoms arelatex and should be avoided in those with latex allergies (Prior, 2017).    –         DiaphragmAdvantage: No hormonesinvolved.

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  Woman has total control overthis form of birth control.  Has someprotection from STI because it is used with spermicide jelly. Reversible form of contraception.Disadvantage: Women must be fitted toensure correct sizing, if significant weight is loss or gain must berefitted.  Must be applied at least 6hours prior to intercourse and must stay in for a minimum of 6 hours afterwardbut no more than 24 hours.  Increase riskof vaginal irritation, toxic shock syndrome, and UTI (Prior, 2017).

Effectiveness: There is a 12%failure rate and therefore 88% effective (Center for Disease and Control, 2017).Contraindication: Should not be usedin those with latex allergy (Prior, 2017).   b)    Oral Contraceptive Pills-         Progestin/EstrogenAdvantage:-         Regulate menstrual cycle-         Lighten blood flow duringmenstrual cycle-         Alleviate cramps –         Lower risks of certaincancers such as: ovarian, colon, and endometrial(Office of Women’s Health,2017)-         Increase bone mass-         Decrease risk of pelvicinflammatory disease-         Reversible form ofcontraception(Prior, 2017)Disadvantage:-         Nausea-         Weight gain –         Breast pain/discomfort-         Decrease libido-         Headaches-         Itchiness of the skin-         Increase BP-         Increase risk ofdeveloping blood clots-         Increased risk ofdeveloping breast cancerEffectiveness: When usedcorrectly oral birth control pills are 99.7% effectiveContraindications: Women with thefollowing should not be prescribed a hormonal birth control:-         blood pressure above140/90 –         history of blood clots orfamily history of blood clots-         diabetics-         liver disease-         Lupus-         smokes 15 cigarettes ormore per day(Prior, 2017) –         Progestin/Estrogen Extended CycleDisadvantage: Because of the decrease menstrual cycle, there will be nocycle to reassure that there is no pregnancy Advantage: Less menstrual cycle with lighter bleeding and decreaseovulation. Reversible form of contraception.Effectiveness: same effectiveness as the progestin/estrogen form of oralcontraceptiveContraindication: same as the progestin/estrogen form of oral contraceptive(Prior, 2017)-         Progestin OnlyDisadvantage: must be taken every day and at the same time daily.  This type of oral birth control does not havefree days where no pill is needed.

  Thereis also an increased risk of increase ectopic pregnancy with progestin onlybirth control. Advantage: ideal for breastfeeding mothers or those who cannot takeoral birth control in the estrogen/progestin form. Reversible.Effectiveness: same as any other oral contraceptive at 99.7%.Contraindication: same as the progestin/estrogen form of oral contraceptive(Prior, 2017) 

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