A father’s absence through death or abandonment has many severe effects in a teenage girl’s life. According to Merriam Webster (2018), absence is defined as “not being present at a usual or expected place”. This view is supported by McLanahan, Tach and Schneider (2013), when they propose that a father’s absence has a negative connotation attached to it.The impact of a father’s absence in an adolescent girl’s life can be negative when the adolescent is forced to engage with the opposite sex, or is put in a situation where a possible romantic relationship could occur. According to Melissa Horne (nd: 1), adolescent girls with no fathers have a higher chance of being engaged in a rather chancier relationship with the opposite sex than a romantic relationship. This is due to their inability to correct their perceptions of the opposite sex, because of their lack of a father figure giving them the freedom to mentally decide on what a father or older male figure should be. This freedom is dangerous, because more often than not, adolescent girl’s perceptions of the opposite sex are far off from reality, and this can damage future relationships between sexes.
On the other hand, adolescent girls whose fathers have passed away also experience negative outcomes to their loss. More often than not, these adolescents tend to perform poorly in school (Berg, Rostila, Saarela and Hjern, 2014: par4), and have a higher possibility of not completing school or making an attempt at furthering their studies (McLanahan, 1999: 118).This literature review highlights the various aspects that may be impacted negatively by the loss of a father through death or abandonment, however the remaining parent or guardian in the specific adolescent’s life usually plays a positive role in their life; the adolescent is always the deciding factor as to whether they will accept the negative consequences in their life, or choose to steer their life in a better direction despite their loss.