“A serve her husband in any time. The

Topics: CultureTraditions


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Last updated: July 15, 2019

“A Doll’s House” by the authorHenrik Ibsen it is about the position and role of the women in the society andin the family in the past years and, also how all the stereotypes have changeduring the time. The woman from the beginning of the humanity has had to crossa road full of obstacles to manage her condition of mother and to have thepossibility of participating in the society.

Her physical aspect, smaller thanthat of man, kept her away from activities that demanded physical effort, tasksreserved for men, which naturally have a more robust structure.Forinstance, in the Middle east, things became stricter and more definitive forthe history of women in history. The world was consolidated as a whole in whichmen were the center, the only ones who had the possibility of knowing andunderstanding the truth revealed by God. In this way the knowledge wascentralized in the religious and some lay people who had the privilege of beingthere.

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Knowledge then became a powerful weapon in which, combined with theChurch, left the woman relegated to be wife and mother (Mary Mikahel, 2012) . WhenHenrik Ibsen wrote this play in the 1900’s Century, the marriage as an institution was holy and untouchable; women had to staywith their husbands, knowing her role, her responsibilities and understand thatthey have to serve her husband in any time.  The function of women or individual  in the past and in the present in the societyis related how culture provided an pre-image of how an indivual have to respondor act in determine place or moment (Lynne Masel Walters  and TimothyN, 2005). Mentioned this, we canrelate the function of the women in marriage with Nora’s marriage as product restrictedonly for the pleasures and needs of the man.

Women was normally physically,emotionally and psychologically abuse and treated in a very unfair way.  Mexican culture had or even still have thetendency of being “machista”, we can understand the term of machista as:                “A strong or exaggerated sense of traditional masculinity placing great value on physical courage, virility, domination of women, and aggressiveness”.There is said in Spanish it goes like that: “The womenonly serve to have it loaded and hung”. Putting in context this said for themachista perspective, women only serve to have child or be pregnant and be useas an ornament.  Probably Torvald do nottreated Nora in this exagarate way but, he treated her in a way that do notcorresponded as wife or an adult woman.     Themarriage life of Nora in “A Doll’s House” had only one role and it was not ofbeing a wife, a supporter or a helper, it was a to be little doll, a Torval’slittle doll (Act 1-1,2).

 Nora as a wifeprobably understand the role of Torvald in the marriage and treats him as a manof the house, as the leader and as the provider. But also she sees him as thatkind of man who have the authority to do whatever he wants does not matter howshe feels, what she wants or what she needs, only thinking on him and hisneeds. ProbablyNora at the beginning of the play she did not do nothing to change this becausethe society played an important role for her actions and decisions. Culture andsociety did not give much freedom to make decisions or speak for herself.

 The society in the past destroyed the image of thewomen and make this as normal fact in any culture. Women dignity it is not inthe richness, or in the physical aspect or even in the professional success, wecan describe that “the dignity of the human person is rooted in his own being”,culture or society could say many different things about the value of women,but at the each women have to confront and face any paradigm to destroy it andchange it (Hendrik Hartog,2016).  In part of the play Torvald calls Nora by nicknamesas “my little wastrel” or “my little lark” and he forced Nora to dance for him.Nora does not say nothing or deny about this even when she felt as an insultthis request, but as culture fact Nora had to listen her no matter what hisdignity was trampled. Violenceagainst women, and in particular that which occurs in the family environment,has traditionally been viewed as a problem of a private nature conditioning orlimiting political action, public debate and even judicial proceedings.

It istrue that the reality of women is different depending on the geographicallocation in which it is located. The great variety of countries that make upthe planet causes us to find multiple models applicable to the situation inwhich a certain woman finds herself. Each country regulates the gender issue ina different way, in such a way that women are integrated or separated fromsociety to a greater or lesser extent and depending on the socio-culturalstructure of each society. Generally, there is usually a co-responsibilitybetween a better situation of women in developed countries in the face of asituation of greater discrimination in developing countries. The role of womenin each of the societies depends on many factors that condition their lives,such as culture, traditions and religion.

   The role of women has been change, from thebeginning of the construction of society, to the strictly family sphere.Progressively, women will assume other roles in the public sphere after thedemands made to achieve progress in the gains that the other gender, men, wereacquiring according to the evolution of the world (LynneMasel Walters and Timothy N). Women from developedcountries have been incorporated into the development of their countries as aresult of a search and a constant desire to obtain equality with men, whilemaintaining respect for diversity. The woman has been aware that herincorporation into society cannot be carried out through a displacement policythat would have resulted in a frontal rejection of her positions (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J.Myers,20014).Otherillustration in the play where the women role is denigrated in a certain waywas when Nora has to obtain a loan to save her husband’s life (Act 2-20,21).

This demonstrates that a women’s conjugal part in “A Doll’s House” isless prevailing than the man’s part, and also Torvald probably make do Norathings or resolve problems that he had to resolve. Allthis ideals and problems probably represent a woman with the desire of being anormal person. However,this act by Nora to save her husband also we can see it as a criminal actforging the papers, she not knowing the way of this is the real meaning of the actwhich is just a wrong doing since she is a lady.

Other feedback hasconcentrated on her adolescence and silly coyness – not recognizing that she isapparently assuming a part that Torvald needs her to play, that she is adjustingto the generalization of wifely conduct that Torvald expects and needs from her(Saman Salah-Nasfer Adbul, 40).    Robert A. Pollak (1994) argues that the definition of powercomes from psychology and political sciences. We can understand the roles inthe marriage in many cases are decided by the society. The political aspect inthe women role have a debate of the women’s rights. At the time of the play opportunitiesfor middle-class women were very limited, being largely limited to low–paidclerical work.  Ibsen concerns about theposition of women in society are brought to life in A Doll’s House.

He believedthat women had a right to develop their own individuality, but in reality,their role was often self-sacrifical. Women were not treated as equals withmen, either in relation to their husbands or society, as is clear fromTorvald’s horror of his employees thinking he has been influenced in a decisionabout Krogstad’s job by his wife. Women could not conduct business or controltheir own money, for which they needed the authorization of the man who ‘owned’them husband, brother or father.

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