ABSTRACTTodayhuman life is improving, they not only need adequate material, but also needsto be satisfied spiritually as entertainment, recreation and tourism. Thereforetourism is one of the promising sectors. Vietnam tourism industry was bornlater than other countries in the world but its role is undeniable.
Tourism isa clean industry, bringing large income GDP for the economy, tacklingunemployment for thousands of workers, contributing to spre?d the im?ge of Vietnam to the world. Moreover, Vietnam has athous?nd-year history, withan originally tradition?lculture, rich v?riety ofrelics, l?ndsc?pes and m?ny other tourism resources, which are seriousattraction for tourists. During these past years, along with the renovation ofthe country, Vietnam Tourism gradually had been developed.
“Vietnam is ? tourist’s p?radise, ?nd I believe th?t it is the best tr?veldestin?tion in the worldtod?y. The country is a m?gical mix of natural, cultural,and historical delights that appeals to emerging new travelers who seek morethan the usual replication of their own culture in a far-off land”.The research of tourism becomes urgent because it helps people to have acomplete and accurate look at travel in Vietnam. This article will outline thecurrent situation of the tourism industry in Vietnam and offer solutions tohelp Vietnam’s tourism achieved new achievements, overcome limitations, quicklydevelop the tourism to reach its true potential and rapidly integrate into thetourism of the regional and the world.RESEARCHPAPERFirstof all is Vietnam food culture. Vietnamese cuisine encomp?sses the foods and bever?ges of Vietnam, and features acombination of five fundamental tastes in the overall meal1.E?ch Vietnamese dish has adistinctive fl?vor whichreflects one or more of these elements.
Tr?ditional Vietnamese cooking is greatly ?dmired for its freshingredients, minimal use of d?iryand oil, complementary textures, and reli?nce on herbs and veget?bles. With the bal?ncebetween fresh herbs and meats and a selective use of spices to re?ch a fine t?ste, Vietnamese food isconsidered one of the he?lthiestcuisines worldwide 2.Next, in Vietnam, there are numerous activities for ?dventure tourism which is a type of niche tourisminvolving explor?tion ortravel to remote are?s,where the tr?veler shouldexpect the unexpected. For example, Sapa, one of the most f?mous places for tours and holid?ys in Vietnam, has beenwell-known as a gre?tdestination for trekking tours.
It is loc?ted in ?height of 1500 meters comp?redto se? level gre?t and h?sa wonderful mount?in r?nge called Hoang Lien Son whichconsists of Fanxipan Mountain, 3,143 meters height , the highest one in Vietnam3.Sapa privilege is a gre?tchoice for ?dventure andtrekking tours bec?use ofperfect we?ther and clim?te. With its stunning mount?ins, vill?ges and be?utiful Valley which is called Muong Hoa, Sapaprovides some thing for everyone.
Thirdly, visiting Vietn?m, tourist can enjoy and rel?x nearby a se?. Vietnam se? tourism h?s yet to make ? special appe?l to tourists. M?rine tourism is becoming a str?tegic development of the tourismindustry to t?ke advant?ge of the l?ndscape and ecology of co?stal areas. With ? coastline of over 3,000 kilometers,thousands of large and sm?llislands, ? series of whites?ndy beaches, blue waterco?stline are favor?ble conditions for Vietn?m’s sea tourism development. Be?ches, bays of Vietnam tr?velers worldwide known ?s Ha long Bay, Nha Trang or D? Nang – My Khe be?ch was voted by Forbes M?gazine as one of the most ch?rming beaches 6 planets ?re saying the pull of the se? to Vietn?m for domestic and foreign tourists. Alongthe coast of Vietn?m has ?bout 125 beaches f?vorable for the development oftourism. Last but not le?st,culture and history is a ?ttractiveproduct of tourism in Vietnam.
The history of Vietnam m?y be unf?miliarfor most visitors, with the exception of Vietnam w?r period. Vietnamese people, however, h?ve a lot of re?sons to be proud of theirhistoric?l heritage.Vietnamese ?re, in f?ct, one of the most ?ncient civilizations in Asia.Did you know th?t the firstVietnamese kingdom w?sfounded ne?rly five thous?nd years before Vietnam war h?ppened? Ao dai – the tr?ditional costume of Vietnam AoDai w?s once worn by bothgenders but tod?y it isworn mainly by fem?les,except for cert?in import?nt traditional culture-relatedocc?sions where some men dowe?r it. Ao Dai consists of? long gown with ? slit on both sides, worn overcotton or silk trousers 4.These are 5 vital elements which make the tourism of Vietnam memorable..
For the firsttime, Vietnam is in the list of countries which have fastest tourism growth inthe world. Vietnam is ranked No. 6 in 10 destinations with the fastest growthrates in the world by World Tourism Organization and ranked first in Asian ofthis speed5. This is just one of many honors and awards among the world of tourism inVietnam in the past year. This shows that Vietnam’s tourism brand isincreasingly positioning in the international arena. Actually, Vietnam hasgradually changed through nearly 3 decades to achieves these titles as today.Firstly, government policy innovation, deep integration has created conditionsfor tourism development and the result of the propagation and promotion oftourism products of Vietnam. Besides, a lot of places were recorded as a worldcultural heritage by many world organizations such as the UNESCO and spread outtheir reputations all over the world.
In addition, Vietnam is a well-knowndestin?tion ?mong budget tr?vellers. Though the price isclimbing monthly ?t a d?unting rate, it is still much che?per than tr?velling in other continents.There is ?lmost every pricefor every w?llet: a 5 starresort in Da Nang will cost you ?nequiv?lent ?mount to a 3 st?r hotel ne?r JFK airport. For lower end m?rket, there ?re ? plenty of hostels and guest-houses in most cities.
Food costs even lower and street foods are ?mong the best in the world. Th?t says, even in biggest metropolit?n ?reas like Hanoi or Ho Chi Minh City, you c?n get by a d?y with $15. Finally, ?fter a series of terroristattacks across the country like the US, Indonesia, safety is the top choice forthe tourist destination of tourists. Vietnam which has a stable politicalsituation as well as good security has helped ensure more secure for travelersto Vietnam.Besidesthe positive aspects of the current tourism industry, it still exist manyshortcomings. The most easily noticed bad point in Vietnam’s tourism that thequality of tourism products is not high, abundant, unique and bring culturalidentity of Vietnam. Many resorts are not untapped and invest properly.
Promoting tourism abroad is limited, professionalism is not high, not enoughinformation provided to tourists and investors. Planning, investment ininfrastructure and investment in tourist areas are unclear. Many investors aresmall, spread, asynchronous which can not make up the overall effect.Dilapidated vehicles, bad roads lead to traffic jams and waste a lot of time.Food hygiene is not guaranteed. Environment pollution is alarming.
The majorityof tourists come to visit once and then not come back. Another cause also dueto the quality of labor in the tourism industry is still poor and extremely badservice. The organizations and management in tourism are unstable. Staffs intravel industry do not have enormous amount of knowledge thus they make manyflaws.
Experience in the tourism industry is not large. Facilities compared tosome neighbor countries are obviously lower. Therefore, these thingsInfrastructureneed to be invested to develop towards modernization and professionalism.
Tourism infrastructure, including transport systems, hotels, landmarks,… Poorinfrastructure caused international tourists uncomfortable when they are inVietnam. Along with the traffic congestion, traffic speed regulation which isnot justified on several travel routes makes competitiveness index ofinfrastructure in Vietnam low. Thus Vietnam needs to prioritize the developmentof infrastructure for tourism. The volume of investment in tourism must bereasonable and long term. Raising capital from both foreign and privateinvestors. Diversification of tourism products. In addition to the normal formsof tourism such as sightseeing, learning the culture, history… Vietnam needs todevelop different types of tourism products as shopping, event promotions, typeof service and treatment, care health, beauty.
Pushing up the market research,identifying the key market for each tourism products. Constructing qualitystandards of products, tourism services, strengthen inspection and the qualityof monitoring. Diversification of products which aims to the diversity tostimulate consumer demand of tourists. Strengthening and promoting Vietnamtourism promotion abroad. Advertise Vietnam tourism to provide touristinformation to visitors on a regular basis. For this, Vietnam needs to learnskills outside the market demand, tastes of products and services of themarkets in the region and around the world. APEC conference and the event whichVietnam became WTO member are good opportunities to promote tourism.
IncreasingVietnam’s presence at fairs, conferences, international seminars and holdingmany seminars to promote tourism in Vietnam. Hiring professional promotingcompanies of foreign to make, build offices, tourist information of Vietnam inthe foreign market. Vietnam also should enhance the quality of training humanresources and the competitiveness of Vietnam tourism sector. Training toimprove the quality of human resources tourism is a decisive pivotal factor forraising the quality of products and services, enhancing the competitiveness oftourism, quickly make tourism in Vietnam become a key economic element. Humanresources must be developed in a systematic way in both quantity and quality.
In addition to new training, the training in order to improve the quality ofthe existing workforce also needs to be emphasized. Staff’s management andsupervision of tourism must be in-depth training and professional inqualifications, language skills, informatics and understanding the law. Widelydisseminating is need for Vietnamese people to know about the role and thebenefits of tourism, the tourism development responsibilities of people, how tobehave, communicate with both foreign and local tourists.Byanalyzing tourism in Vietnam has clarified its position in the tourism industryimplementation, achievements, limitations, causes and solutions that ourcountry’s tourism industry should pay attention to.
Travel Vietnam to catch upwith the general trend of the region and the world to determine the views,vision, objectives and orientations breakthrough for Vietnam’s tourism sectorin the coming period.