According Copper has been used for production of

to information from Copper Alliance, at the moment there is no active copper
production in Britain, nevertheless in 2005 the United Kingdom consumed 165 400
tonnes of refined copper, which equates to one percent of total world
consumption. Within Europe, Britain is the eighth largest consumer of copper
goods, after Poland, Spain, Belgium, France, Italy, Russia and Germany (Germany
has the largest consumption in Europe). British consumption rose through the
1990s to a peak of 408 500 tonnes in 1997 and has since declined by nearly 40%.
The European average consumption per capita is 6.4 kg copper, whereas the
British figure is less than half of that, at 2.8 kg per capita (World Bureau of
Metal Statistics and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs).
Due to its important properties and ability to conduct electricity and heat this
precious metal is being used for production of everyday household items and materials
which are being widely utilised in current construction industry.  

has been used for production of electrical items for generations and currently equates
to around 65% of total copper used globally (Data from Copper Development
Association).  The main reason for these
high figures is, that copper is the only material which have been approved by
all electrical codes in Britain, therefore it would be really difficult to find
a replacement material and get it approved in the same way. The second reason
is reliability and life-span: copper has been used in electrical services for a
very long time and therefore it is well known within manufacturers and
electrical contractors, most of them do not want to look for alternatives. As a
consequence, consumption figures of electrical items made from alternative
materials and are too low and not many companies want to risk investing into a
market without stable demand figures. 

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as a material, is highly respected in building construction sphere,
architecture and interior design. For instance, copper is used in many various
architectural elements, such as: roofs, gutters, domes, spires, wall cladding,
flashings, building expansion joints and downspouts. Copper does not suffer
from underside corrosion, which can cause premature failures, because of this
reason copper roofing in very rural areas can last for more than 200 years. However,
under certain conditions oxidizing acids, heavy-metal salts, surfur, alkatis,
nitrogen oxides and ammonia can accelerate copper corrosion. In areas where pH
is less than 5.5, but well protected from acid
rain, fossil
fuel combustion, chemical manufacturing
or other processes, that could release sulfur and nitrogen oxides into
the atmosphere,
material does not required any cleaning or maintenance, therefore could be used
in dangerous or non-accessible areas. Moreover, this material can reduce
electric or magnetic fields and it is often being used to protect sensitive
electronic equipment from high voltages. It is also widely used for
manufacturing of fixings as handrails, various ironmongery, push plates, even
counter tops made of copper which are being widely used in hospitals,
laboratories, offices, schools as this material has strong intrinsic
antimicrobial properties.  

the beginning of 19th century copper has been used as a main
material for plumbing installations in many countries worldwide. The main
reason for this is that copper has a very low coefficient of linear expansion,
which means that it could withstand rough environments and pressure changes
within the plumbing installations. Copper tubing is being produced in a number
of different tempers: soft, half-hard and hard; it is also available in coils,
which is being used as refrigerant gas distribution pipework in all air
conditioning worldwide. It also comes in straight lengths up to six meters
which allows plumbers to successfully use it even for waste and / or surface water
disposal systems. Copper tube is also available with a factory applied plastic
covering and with a chrome plating for decorative applications.

and fittings made from copper can be confidently used in various industrial,
commercial and domestic pipework services, such as hot and cold water, central
heating and gas. Because of material qualities, as it is strong, it still can
be simply formed into bends systems can be assembled both on- and off-site.


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