Adoption can be stated as a way of providing the security,permanency, and love of a new family when it is not possible for a child to beraised by his or her birth parents within the birth family. In addition, we canstate adoption as the process in which parental responsibilities aretransferred from the kid`s birth parents to their adoptive parents. An adoptiveorder is always given by the court to the adoptive parents through the adoptiveagency when the court finds out that the kid has been staying and livinghappily with the adoptive kids (Briggs 2012). The adoptive order, once it hasbeen given by the court, it cannot be revoked. The kid becomes the off theadoptive parents who take all the responsibilities for the kid regardingeducation, housing, clothing and other basic requirements (Triseliotis, 2002). Theadoptive parents should always have in mind that adoption is a lifelongcommitment to the kid that has been adopted and the kid by law becomes part andparcel of the adoptive family.Who needs to beadopted?In the United States of America, approximately two percentof the kid population is made up of the adopted kids. The adopted kids come fromthe foster family care, the private domestic and the international adoption.
Besides that, in the United States of America, at present, 1.8 million kidshave been adopted. In the U.
S the following children can be adopted. Theyinclude the kids from the black and minority ethical group who have differentcultural and religious backgrounds. We also have the kids from the siblinggroups (Briggs 2012). Most of the adoptive agencies will try to make sure thatthey place the brothers and the sisters in the same family. The other kids tobe adopted are the school-aged kids, and finally, the kids that can be adoptedare the kids who are disabled. Thedisabled kids are the kids with a wide range of learning and physical disabilities.It is the adoptive parents who decide as for where they wantto adopt and are influenced by their taste and preference (Triseliotis, 2002). Theywill always put their regards in accordance with the features of the kid or thekids they want to adopt.
As per the adoptive parent’s desires and requirements,they will adopt the kids they want while considering the ethical background,age, sex and racial background. Adoptive kids can be adopted at any age (Briggs2012). They can be adopted when they are an infant. These are the kids who areadopted when they are about days, weeks, and months and at maximum one year.
Onthe other hand, the older kids who are school aged can be adopted. They are thekids within the age bracket of four to five years old. The kind of kids to beadopted will depend on the parents. Some parents will want to adopt a kid fromtheir infant age so that they can be able to appropriately raise them well.
While other parents might opt to adopt kids who are grown up.Moreover, adoptive parents might always opt to adopt kidswho have the same racial or the same ethical backgrounds. They opt for this as they have the perceptionthat their adoptive kids will fit their family and get exposed to the rightcultural values (Triseliotis,2002). On the other hand, some parents willopt for a kid of a different racial and ethical background. They do this sothat their family can have a variation in race and background to make thefamily more diverse.
Conditions to adopt inthe U.SThe first requirement that has to be met is the appropriateage of the adopting parent. Most of the countries including the US require theadopting parents to be more than twenty-one years of age to be able to adopt akid (Blair, 2005). This is referred to as a legal age in which it is supportedby both the domestic and the international adoption agencies.
There is no setmaximum age that will hinder an individual from adopting a kid. As long as theperson is more than twenty-one years old, then he or she can adopt a kid.Nonetheless, the case changes when the birth-mother of the kid to be adoptedgets involved. The birth-mother has the rights and the power to choose theadoptive home for the kid and what age bracket should the adoptive parentshave. Thus, the age maximum will be determined by both the birth-mother and theagency. There are states in the US like Washington, Montana, Tennessee,Kentucky, and New Jersey that require the prospective parents to have attainedthe age of eighteen to be able to adopt a kid.
Others states like Oklahoma andColorado require the adoptive parents to have attained twenty-one years andother states like Georgia stipulates the prospective adopting parents to betwenty-five years (Briggs, 2012). The second condition to be met by the adoptive parents isthe medical health requirement. The health state of the adopting parents is acrucial thing that adopting agencies in the US look at before one secures achance to adopt a kid. Therefore, a stable health condition is a significantfactor that the adopting parents should have to adopt a kid. In this instance,if both or one of the adopting parents did experience chronic illness they haveto produce a letter to show that they have stable health at the moment (Blair,2005).
They are required to show a letter from their physician stating thatthey are physically stable, have good health to raise a kid. This conditionensures that the agency allows parents who can care for the child to maturity.In case the prospective adopting parents have health concerns or present ahistory of drug and substance abuse, then they do not secure a chance to adopta kid from the agency.