a poem that tells a story
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses an emotion, idea or describes a scene
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also respresents something else, an idea
a poem written to be performed on a stage with a cast of actors. Examples are William Shakespeare’s plays.
is a serious lyric of elaborate praise or strong emotion for the subject. A lyric poem with complex stanza forms
a poem that meditates on life and death
the narrator of a poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson
the mood or feeling evoked by the story
how the character’s personality is revealed
the opposition of two forces or characters (there is external conflict and internal conflict)
the unraveling of the plot, the clarification of unknown items, or the solution of a mystery
the way of speaking that is peculiar to a locality, religion, or a group
a summary of background information on the characters that is presented as it happens
a movement in time from the present back to former time to provide background information
the main character; protagonist
language that appeals to the senses
the atmosphere or feeling
the internal factors that cause a character to act in a particular way
the character telling the story
a word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told
main character, struggels toward or for someone or something
the story ends, problems are solved
events leading to the climax, dramatic complications
a form of irony that makes fun of the faults of people with the best interests of society in mind
Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
a poetry with 14 lines written in iambic pentameter
rewrite the poem in a way to help you understand the meaning
attempts to understand the theme of a poem and then to explain how all the elements contribute to the whole
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Japanese poem form, has three lines of five, seven, and five syllabus (seventeen syllables in all)
a song or songlike poem that rhymes
a humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba
an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.
What is a free verse (or open form verse) Poetry?
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern
a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
an Italian form of iambic verse consisting of eleven-syllable lines arranged in tercets, the middle line of each tercet rhyming with the first and last lines of the following tercet.
an arrangement of the parts of a composition so that elements of equal importance are balanced in construction
using hints or clues to suggest what will happen later; builds suspense
word represents something else which it suggests, example= a ‘herd’ of cows referred to as fifty ‘head’; head represents herd
an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression
character struggles against someone or something- man against himself; man against man, man against society; man against nature
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line, sometimes called feminine rhyme
imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme
a rhyme of 2 syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as “waken” and “forsaken” and “audition” and “rendition”. Feminine rhyme is sometimes called double rhyme or internal rhyme.
when their ending, or terminal sounds are the same. Example: match and catch
when the sounds are close, but not exact. Example: loom, moon
the poem’s main idea or subject, the central meaning behind the story
a consonant characterized by a hissing sound (like s or sh)
a two line stanza, or two rhyming lines that express a complete thought
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
What are 4 things that a rhythm can be created by?
meter, rhyme, alliteration, and refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem
the sentence has a pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable- everyday speech follows this pattern.
the pattern of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one
What is an example of an iambic meter?
“To be or not to be” by Hamlet’s speech, “Come live with me and be my love” by Marlowe.
the pattern of a stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables
2 unstressed (unaccented) syllables followed by a stressed (accented) one
language that appeals to our five senses of sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste
another type of imagery, way for poets to present their ideas to us in something of a concrete and shorthand way
a metaphor that compares two things using like, as, than, or resembles
a direct comparison of two unlike things. Examples= I think the sun is a flower that blooms for just one hour
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work
a comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated
something non-human given human characterists (human characterists to animals or inanimate objects)
a manner of expression showing the attitude of the story, a feeling
exaggeration often used for emphasis
(logic) a self-contradiction. That when we live no more, we may live ever- a situation where she and her loved one are both alive and dead. No one can be both alive and dead, so this is a paradox
a direct address to a person, thing, or abstraction.
They are generally capitalized.
conflict between appearance and reality; Romeo & Juliet- audience knows she is sleeping, but Romeo thinks she is dead
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa (the whole for a part)
The length of the line
The difference between prose and poetry
the running of one line of poetry into the next without a break for the rhyme or syntax
a group of lines arranged together
A group of words on one line of a poem
repetition of consonant sound at the beginnings of words- initial or internal -in the middle of words
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry
words that imitate the sound they name
a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters to indicate which lines rhyme. It is the pattern of end rhymes or lines
a reference in a literary work to a character or them found in another literary work
the moment in the story when the conflict reaches its highest point of tension
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words
understatement for effect