American history ch 12

Topic: ArtCinema Art
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Last updated: April 27, 2019
Herman Melville’s most important literary work was
Moby Dick

Reform movements emerged in America in the mid-nineteenth century in part because of a
belief that society needed to break free from its old traditionsdesire for social stability and discipline in the face of change

In the mid-nineteenth century, romanticism
had its origins in the American Midwestnone are right

In the mid-nineteenth century, the general European attitude toward American art and literature
included praise for American artists for defining a new set of national virtueswas that American artists had little to offer Europe

The Hudson River School of painters emphasized in their work the importance of
natural beauty

All of the following painters were associated with the Hudson River School except
James Whistler

Which of the following features was NOT a characteristic of the Hudson River School
a belief that democracy was the best source of wisdom and spiritual fulfillment

All of the following people helped create a distinct American literature EXCEPT
Sydney Smith

Through novels such as The Last of the Mohicans, James Fennimore Cooper examined the significance of
America’s westward expansion

Walt Whitman
celebrated the liberation of the individual

The writings of Edgar Allan Poe were
primarily sad and macabre

Prior to the Civil War, southern writers
developed a realist tradition that focused on the lives of ordinary people; brought a robust, vulgar humor to American literature; and romanticized the institution of slavery

Transcendentalist
argued for the liberating potential of “understandingregarded reason to be the most important human faculty

The transcendentalist writer Ralph Waldo Emerson
asserted that through nature, individuals could find personal fulfillment

The transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau
felt every individual should balance society’s expectations with one’s own instinctsargued Americans had a moral right to disobey the laws of the United States

The transcendentalist movement
anticipated the environmental protection movement of the twentieth century

The primary goal of the 1840s community experiment known as Brook Farm was
to permit all members to realize their full potential as individual beings

Who among the following was NOT a participant in American communal living
John Humphrey NoyesWalt Whitman

One of the most enduring of the pre-Civil War utopian colonies was
New HarmonyOneida.

In redefining gender roles, the experimental 1840s Oneida Community
carefully monitored sexual behavior to protect women

Which of the following was arguably the most distinctive feature of Shakerism
complete celibacy

Shaker societies
saw women exercise more power than men

Nineteenth-century Protestant revivalists such as the New Light revivalists
formed a crusade against personal immorality

In the 1840s, the organized movement against drunkenness in the United States
linked alcohol to crime and poverty

In the 1830s and 1840s, cholera epidemics in the United States
typically killed more than half of those who contracted the disease

According to the nineteenth-century “science” of phrenology, what could be discerned from the shape of an individual’s skull?
her character and intelligence

During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was
the absence of basic knowledge about disease

In the 1840s in the United States, an initial understanding of germ theory was developed by
Oliver Wendell Holmes

Prior to 1860, public education in the United States
did not existwas legally denied for all non-whites

The nineteenth-century reformer Horace Mann believed that education should promote
democracy

The Massachusetts reformer who built a national movement for new methods of treating the mentally ill was
Dorothea Dix

Prior to 1860, prison reform in the United States
focused on punishment, not on rehabilitationincluded the practice of solitary confinemen000000000000000000000000000000000000

The nineteenth-century practice of placing American Indians on reservations was partially designed to
isolate and protect the Indians from white society, help “regenerate” them, and allow them to develop to a point where they could assimilate into white society

In 1840, a catalyst for an American feminist movement was a London convention that dealt with
woman suffrageabolition

The 1848 Seneca Falls, New York convention on women’s rights
issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence

Prior to the Civil War, the religious denomination most active in feminism was the
Quakers.

Which of the following nineteenth-century leaders is primarily known for her pioneering work in the American feminist movement
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

In the early nineteenth century, the American Colonization Society
was founded by white Virginians opposed to slavery

The American Colonization Society helped to transport blacks from the United States to
Liberia

William Lloyd Garrison believed the abolitionist movement should
join forces with the more established American Colonization Societystress the damage that slavery did to blacks rather than to whites

Prior to the Civil War, free blacks in the North tended to be
strongly opposed to southern slavery

The black abolitionist who called for uncompromising opposition to and a violent overthrow of slavery in his 1829 An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World was
David Walker

Frederick Douglass
was an ordained ministerspent years lecturing in England against slavery.

In the 1840s, abolitionists in the United States constituted
a small percentage of the national population

One leading abolitionist who was murdered for his activism was
William Lloyd GarrisonElijah Lovejoy

In the 1830s and 1840s, abolitionists were divided
by radicals and moderates within their ranksall are correct

In the 1840s, William Lloyd Garrison spoke against
extreme equlity fir women

The Supreme Court ruling in Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842
angered abolitionistsabolished slavery in the District of Columbia

Prior to the Civil War, the Liberty Party
promoted “free soil

The effect of Uncle Tom’s Cabin on the nation was to
spread the message of abolitionism to an enormous new audience

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