American history

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Last updated: May 2, 2019

Prohibition in the U.S. led to:b) the rise of organized crime
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The 1912 presidential election was notable becaused) it gave the voters a clear choice of political and economic philosophies.

Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party. A.

Woodrow WilsonB. Theodore RooseveltC. William Howard TaftD. Eugene V. Debs1.

Socialist2. Democratic3. Republican4.

Progressivec)A—2, B—4, C—3, D—l

As a politician, Woodrow Wilson wase)inflexible and stubborn.
e

The Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution permitted Congress to enacta)a personal income tax.

a

The first Jewish member of the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson wasa)Louis D. Brandeis.
a

The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guaranteed a substantial measure of public control over the American banking and currency system through the great authority given to d) the presidentially appointed Federal Reserve Board.
d

The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board the authority tob) issue paper money and increase or decrease the amount of money in circulation by altering interest rates.
b

Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson’s fundamental approach to American foreign policy?b) Moralistic
b

The legal codes that established the system of segregation wereb) called Jim Crow laws.

b

The fundamental difference in the philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois was that c) Washington focused on education and economic progress while DuBois emphasized civil rights and black leadership
c

In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled thatc) “separate but equal” facilities were constitutional.
c

Alice Paul’s contribution to women’s history isd) she waged a successful campaign to give women the vote
d

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b

Women’s participation in the war effort contributed greatly to the fact that theyb) finally received the right to vote.
b

The movement of tens of thousands of Southern blacks north during World War I resulted inb) racial violence in the North.
b

Most of the money raised to finance World War I came fromc) loans from the American public.

c

The great event that essentially crippled organized labor throughout the 1920s wasa) the federal government’s antilabor intervention that broke the 1919 steel strike.
a

The highly publicized Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tennessee reflected the growing tensions between:d) fundamentalism and modernism in the form of controversy over the teaching of evolution in public schools
d

Which of the following was not among the industries that prospered mightily with widespread use of the automobile?e) Aluminum
e

The most tenacious pursuer of radical elements during the red scare of the early 1920s wasd) A. Mitchell Palmer.
d

In addition to being anti-African American, the new Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was also opposed to each of the following EXCEPT:d) Prohibition
d

Immigration restrictions of the 1920s were introduced as a result ofc) the nativist belief that northern Europeans were superior to southern and eastern Europeans.
c

All of the following are true of Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association, except hed) advocated the idea of developing an elite “talented tenth” to lead African American progress.
d

The immediate outcome of the 1925 Scopes Trial was thata) biology teacher John Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution and fined.
a

All of the following helped to make the prosperity of the 1920s possible exceptd) government stimulation of the economy.

d

The Lost Generation were a) disillusioned intellectuals who moved to France to escape the mass culture society of America
a

The Teapot Dome scandal was centered around corrupt deals and bribes involvingc) naval oil reserves.
c

Which one of the following members of President Harding’s cabinet proved to be incompetent and corrupt?e) Albert Fall
e

Charles Lindbergh’s solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero especially becaused) his wholesome youthfulness contrasted with the cynicism and debunking of the jazz age.
d

The American airline industry in the 1920s made most of its early profits throughb) subsidies from state and local governments.d) passenger fares.
b & d

During the 1920s, large numbers of Americans were able to purchase relatively expensive automobiles, appliances, and radios through the relatively new innovation ofe) consumer credit.
e

The prosperity that developed in the 1920sc) was accompanied by a cloud of consumer debt.

c

Among the major figures promoted by mass media image makers and the new sports industry in the 1920s weree) Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey.
e

The “flapper” of the 1920s represented:c) a yearned for independence among American women
c

What contribution did Henry ford make to the automobile industry?b) the moving assembly line and standardized parts that made the automobile available and affordable to the working man
b

The first talkie motion picture wasc) The Jazz Singer.
c

Jazz music was developed byc) American blacks.
c

The outpouring of African American literature and art in New York City in the 1920s wasa) known as the Harlem Renaissance
a

During Coolidge’s presidency, government policy was set largely by the interests and values ofd) the business community.
d

In the mid-1920s, President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing toa) subsidize farm prices.
a

The 1920 census revealed that, for the first time, mostb) Americans lived in cities.

b

The 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pactc) officially outlawed war as a solution to international rivalry and conflict.
c

The outcome of the Sacco and Vanzetti trial was evidence ofe) the antiforeign hysteria that was rampant among many Americans
e

Buying stock on margin meant purchasingd) it on credit with only a small down payment.
d

leader of the National Woman’s party, campaigned for an Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution
Alice Paul

Women are not allowed to vote
Womens Suffrage

term for the racial segregation laws imposed in the 1890s
Jim Crow

was a black nationalist leader He helped create the “Back to Africa” movement in the United States.
Marcus Garvey

refers to the black cultural development during the 1920s. It showed that blacks had much to offer to American culture and saw the development of “real” American culture
Harlem Renaissance

Albert B.

Fall leased oil rich land in Teapot Dome, Wyoming, and Elk Hills, California, to oilmen Harry F. Sinclair and Edward L. Doheny, but not until Fall had received a “loan” of $100,000 form Doheny and about three times that amount from Sinclair. The scandal greatly affected the public view of the government in a negative way.

Teapot Dome Scandal

First solo flight across the Atlantic
Charles Lindbergh

first motion picture with sound starring Al Jolson
“The Jazz Singer”

fords plant where cars were made, very succesful
River Rouge Factory

Buying stocks with little money down and loans from the bank. WHen the market crashed people could not pay back the loans. Banks failed.
Buying on Margin

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