American Literature Eras

Topic: ArtCinema Art
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Last updated: April 25, 2019
Dates of the Puritan Era
1550 -1660

Dates of the Age of Reason
1750 – 1816

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Dates of Romantic Gothic Era
18th century – early 19th century (1800-1850)

Dates of Romantic Transcendental Era
19th century deriving from 1820s and 1830s

Dates of Realism Era
19th to 20th century (Civil War)

Dates of Modernism Era
late 1800s to 1950s

Historical times in Puritan Age
During this time, people were settling in America from Europe.

Protestants were heavily rejected in places such as England. Many believed that there was culture as the Renaissance brought, but the Puritan age brought morals, religious freedom, and civil union.

Historical times in the Age of Reason
Revolutionary war for civil freedom from England, loyalists vs patriots

Historical times for Gothic Romanticism
Victorian and conform society, rebellion against norms of order in art and rationale, authors wrote about magic and supernatural entities, horror and depression, inequality and violent incidents

Historical times for Transcendentalism
Elite from New England area that now sought literary freedom, deliberately wrote novels, poems, essays, and philosophy that were different than European literature, rebellion and freedom

Historical Times for Realism
Civil War, country falling apart, no trust, realistically sought to survive and bring country back up and running

Historical times for Modernism
Great Depression, WWI, WWII, trying to stay happy during economic hardships

American Dream in Puritan Age
Religious freedom, morality, bright future

American Dream in Age of Reason
National and civil freedom from England

American Dream in Romanticism
Looking away at American Dream, reflects on death, negativity, morbid and bitter, dark human nature

American Dream in Realism
oral prosperity and civil freedom for slaves

American Dream in Modernism
individualistic values are triumphant, unlimited resources, endless opportunity, optimism

Books, Authors, and types of literature in Puritan
Jonathan Edwards “The Life of David Brainerd” “The Freedom of Will” , Jupiter Hammon “An Evening Thought” (poetry, novels, essays, philosophy

Books, Authors, and types of literature in Age of Reason
“The Way to Wealth” Ben Franklin “Common Sense” Thomas Payne (novels, essays, poems)

Books, Authors, and types of literature in Romantic Gothic
“The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” Washington Irving “The Raven” Edgar Allan Poe (poems, essays, novels)

Books, Authors, and types of literature in Transcendentalism
“A Coffin — is a small Domain” Emily Dickinson (poems, essays, novels, philosophy)

Books, Authors, and types of literature in Realism
“The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” Mark Twain (poems, essays, novels)

Books, Authors, and types of literature in Modernism
“The Great Gatsby” F. Scott.

Fitzgerald (novels, music, poems, philosophy)

Conformity vs Rebellion in Puritan
conform was reform for morality, religious freedom was rebellious

Conformity vs Rebellion in Age of Reason
Rebellion against England, conformity meant rights went as one was born to be (men vs women and slaves)

Conformity vs Rebellion in Romantic Gothic
rebellion against norms of reality and freedom of civilians, against american dream of prosperity, society itself was conform

Conformity vs Rebellion Transcendentalism
society itself was conform, rebelling against types of writing in Europe (brought overflowing emotion and sentiment)

Conformity vs Rebellion Realism
conform society and distinction between african americans and other classes, rebellion from the union

Conformity vs Rebellion Modernism
conformity COMPLETELY rejected, rebellion against conform society, abstract was reform

Freedom vs Inequality Puritan
Religious freedom, morality and honesty in white men required

Freedom vs Inequality Age of Reason
National and Civil Freedom, but aimed only for white men

Freedom vs Inequality Romantic Gothic
Men were tyrant over women, slavery, leading into violent incidents

Freedom vs Inequality Romantic Transcendental
At the time, slavery and women’s rights were a big issue, there was still freedom for authors to write in any which way due to rebellion against European literature

Freedom vs Inequality Realism
african americans fought for freedom, but still got discrimination, Southern Secession

Freedom vs Inequality Modernism
Freedom was triumphant and especially in art

Identity and Inner Struggle Puritan
Puritans identified as Protestants, inner struggle to achieve religious freedom

Identity and Inner Struggle Age of Reason
Patriots identified as white men who wanted liberty, inner struggle for Loyalist resistance

Identity and Inner Struggle Romantic Gothic
People identified by reputation, inner struggle came from within and happened away from public (women, slaves, social pressures on men)

Identity and Inner Struggle Transcendental
inner struggle was shown through overflow of emotions in poems, philosophy, and novels, identification by reputation in outer world

Identity and Inner Struggle Realism
people identified by gender, age, and color, inner struggle was discrimination and womens’ rights

Identity and Inner Struggle Modernism
identified as artists and creative thinkers, no inner struggle against society, struggle against economic and political times around the world

Innocence and Reality Puritan Age
children were considered to be innocent when growing up

Innocence and Reality Age of Reason

Innocence and Reality Romantic Gothic
Innocence was to boost reputation to the outer world, reality is that no one is actually innocent

Innocence and Reality Transcendental

Innocence and Reality Realism
No innocence shown during the civil war, all reality

Innocence and Reality Modernism
everyone was innocent because they were all individualistic

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