American Literature Mid-Term

Topic: BusinessComparative Analysis
Sample donated:
Last updated: April 30, 2019
Nonfiction
a type of literature based on real events, not just the authors imagination

Epics and Myths
a possibly type of literature which include folk talks, or legendary stories that have been believed since they originally began to be told by mouth

Don't use plagiarized sources.
Get Your Custom Essay on "American Literature Mid-Term..."
For You For Only $13.90/page!


Get custom paper
heroes or gods
What are myths about?

Types of Nonfiction
newspapers, magazines, journals, speeches, diaries, instructions, autobiography, biography, narrative, blogs, screen play, essays, sermons

Onondaga creation story
the sky gods wife fell through a whole in the sky, due to her husband uprooting the sacred tree; she is caught by birds but has no where to be placed, until the muskrat grabs the land from under the seas and places it upon the turtles back

Modoc Creation Story
the chief sky god came down to mount shasta and created things with his power stick; his daughter looked out the top of the cabin got sucked out by the wind, was raised by grizzlies and created a new species

Navajo Creation Story
on the 12th day the people washed themselves, and they women dried with yellow cornmeal and the men with white cornmeal; blue and black body carried buckskin facing west, and place yellow and white corn with the tips to the east; they placed feathers under the corn; the mirages then walked around the center and the white corn became man and yellow became woman

Origin myths
myths that explain where we came from

Canada, but lived in New York
Where were the Onondaga from?

Oregon and northern California
Where were the Modoc from?

Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico
Where were the Navajo from?

slave narrative
What type of writing was Olaudah Equiano?

Olaudah Equiano
born the son of a tribal leader, was kidnapped with his sister to become slaves

The Middle Passage
slave route that Olaudah Equiano traveler, like many others

Olaudah Equiano
author of “from The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano”

American experience
America is the melting pot for all different types of cultures

Darryl Babe Wilson
20th century, Native American descent

Olaudah Equiano
African descent, son of tribal leader of Benin

Atlantic Slave Trade Routes
Africa to South America (4.6-6 million), North America (0.4-0.5 million), the Caribbean (4-5 million), and Europe (0.2-0.

3 million)

Personification
giving an object human like qualities

Puritan Plain Style
characterized as short words, direct statements, and references to ordinary, everyday objects (such as the spinning wheel)

persevere
persist; be steadfast in purpose

Edward Taylor
author of Huswifery, English descent, 17th-18th century

Anne Bradstreet
author of To My Dear and Loving Husband, 17th century

Apostraphe
a figure of speech in which a speaker directly adresses an absent person or personified object ( O Lord, Thy spinning wheels complete.)

Jonathan Edwards
author of from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, American descent, 18th century, pastor of a church

Languages Jonathan Edwards knew
Greek, Latin, and Hebrew

Oratory
formal public speaking; sermon (non-fiction)

Presidents at JFK’s speech
Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Harry Truman, Lyndon Johnson, and Franklin Roosevelt

Patrick Henry
Give me liberty or give me death.

Abraham Lincoln
four score and seven years ago

Franklin Roosevelt
We have nothing to fear but fear itself.

Martin Luther King
I have a dream.

Key phrases
The torch has been passed to a new generation of penguins. New alliance for progress. And so my fellow Americans: as not what America will do for you–ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.

Enuma Elish
Babylonian, Sumerian, and Mesopotamian; There were two gods involved Timat (f) the sea and Apsu (m) the land

Things going on during JFK’s presidency
Cuban Missile Crisis, fall of the Berlin Wall, The Arm’s Race, Initiation of the Peace Corps, Segregation, The Bay of Pigs, The Portuguese Colonial Vietnam War, Freedom Writers, and Space exploration

eccentric
adjective, deviating from the norm, as in conduct; out of the ordinary; odd; unconventional.

facetiousness
noun; the state of joking or trying to be jocular, especially at an inappropriate time.

retrogression
noun; a move backward to a lower, less complex stage or state.

monologue
noun; a long speech by one speaker.

soliloquy
noun; lines in a drama in which a character reveals his or her thoughts to the audience, but not to the other characters, by speaking as if to himself or herself.

epitaph
noun; an inscription on a tomb or a gravestone in memory of the person buried there; short composition in prose or verse written as a tribute to a dead person.

precariously
being dependent upon circumstances or risk; uncertainly; insecurely.

loathsome
adjective; hateful; detestable

pestilential
adjective; likely to cause disease

copious
adjective; plentiful; abundant

improvident
adjective; shortsighted

avarice
noun; greed for riches

pacify
verb; calm, soothe

arduous
adjective; difficult

disposition
noun; management

foppery
noun; foolishness

felicity
noun; happiness; bliss

squander
verb; spend or use wastefully

fasting
verb; eating very little or nothing

usurers
noun; money-lenders who charge very high interest

extort
verb; to obtain by threat or violence

ostentation
noun; boastful display

parsimony
noun; stinginess

aphorism
noun; short saying with a message

tyranny
noun; oppressive and unjust government

alliance
noun; union of nations for a specific purpose

invective
noun; verbal attack; strong criticism

adversary
noun; opponent; enemy

ablutions
noun, cleansing the body as part of a religious rite

protruded
verb, jutted out

confederate
adjective, united with others for a common purpose

disposition
noun, an inclination or tendency

deliberation
noun, careful consideration

arduous
adjective; difficult

nonfiction
noun; a type of literature that is based on real events and not just the imagination of the author

Vigilance
noun; watchfulness

Robert Johnson
singer of “Crossroads”; an American blues singer who died at the age of 27; it is believed that he sold his soul to the Devil

Germans
Selling souls to the Devil comes from what people?

Washington Irving
who is the author of “The Devil and Tom Walker”?

1783
In what year was Washington Irving born?

1859
In what year did Washington Irving die?

President George Washington
After whom is Washington Irving named?

Lawyer
Although he was interested in writing, Washington Irving planned to be a ______

“The Legend of Sleepy Hallow” “Rip Van Winkle”
Name two of Washington Irving’s most famous stories that we did not cover

Yes
Does Washington Irving have a sense of humor?

False
True or False. Tom is not eager to make a deal with the Devil

Black miner, Black woodsman, Wild huntsman
What are the three names of the Devil in “The Devil and Tom Walker”? (alphabetical order and commas)

19th
In what century was most of Washington Irving’s writing done?

1706
In what year was Benjamin Franklin born?

1790
In what year did Benjamin Franklin die?

42
At what age did Franklin retire from printing?

printer
Most of his life, Franklin worked as a ___________

bifocals, lighting rod, new type of stove
Name 3 of Benjamin Franklin’s inventions.

politics
Franklin is best remembered for his career in ______

True
True or False. Before George Washington, B. Franklin was considered the “father of his country”

13
In Franklin’s autobiography, how many virtues are there?

It speaks for itself
In Franklin’s autobiography, why is chastity the only virtue that doesn’t have a definition or some insight?

habitude
custom

Pythagoras
Greek philosopher and mathematician who lived in the sixth century BC

True
True or False.

The virtues and their precepts put order into Benjamin Franklin’s life.

Cliche
a saying that has been used to much that it seems to have lost its meaning

first
in what person is an autobiography written in?

Mark Twain
who is the author of Huckleberry Finn?

Samuel Langhorne Clemens
what is the real name of the author of The Adventures of Huckleberry?

1884
When was The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn published?

prosecuted
“Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative will be ____”

banished
“…persons attempting to find a moral in it will be ____”

shot
“..

.persons attempting to find a plot in it will be ____”

dialects
In the “Explanatory” to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the author writes that a number of ___ have been used in the writing of the story.

Tom Sawyer
The narrator of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn writes that the reader wouldn’t know him unless he or she had read ______

first-person
The narrator of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a _____ narrator

Mark Twain
_____ means a depth of two fathoms in the river waters.

1835
The author of Huckleberry Finn was born in the year___

1910
In what year did Mark Twain die?

Huckleberry
something small or insignificant

Finn
___ refers to a childhood friend of Mark Twain

sivilize
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn both begins and ends with a discussion of attempts to ____ Huckleberry Finn

Widow Douglas
___ takes in Huckleberry Finn as her son at the beginning of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Miss Watson
______ is the name of the sister of Widow Douglas

219
How many times is the “n” word found in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

November 30, 1835
What is the exact date of Mark Twain’s birth?

pseudonym
Mark Twain is a ______, or penname.

Innocents Abroad
What is the name of Mark Twain’s 1st success?

Comet
When Twain was born there was a ________. When he died there was a _______

Kentucky
where was Twain’s ideal deathbed?

Reading, Connecticut
Where did Twain die?

Nom de guerre
French for war name

16 and 17
Between what two chapters did Mark Twain take a break from writing Huck Finn?

3 years
How long was the break that Mark Twain took from writing Huckleberry Finn?

Grangerfords and Shepherdsons, Boggs and Sherburn, Duke and Dauphin
After his break, what three characters/stories did Mark Twain write about?

Themselves
The Duke and Dauphin conned everyone but ____ (even each other)

Samuel Langhorne Clemens
What is Mark Twain’s real name?

2 fathoms
What does “Twain” mean?

6 feet
How long is 1 fathom?

1910
When did Mark Twain die?

a good walk spoiled
what did Mark Twain call golf?

Little Thing
What does Huckleberry mean?

Escape and freedom
name two themes of Huckleberry Finn.

Renegade
Huck was a ______

Repetition, Parallel structure, Reference to Scripture
What are the three Writing/ Speaking Techniques we discussed in class?

Myths and Epics
a possible fifth type of literature about gods and heroes

People have a need to explain where they came from
Why do people make their own creation story?

Puritan Plain Style
a simple, direct style of writing characterized by the use of short, easily understood words common to seventeenth-century conversation

Jonathan Edwards
Who is the author of “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”?

Sermon
What kind of speech did Jonathan Edwards give?

Anne Bradstreet
Who is the author of “To My Dear and Loving Husband?

aabbaabbccdd
What is the rhyme scheme of “To My Dear and Loving Husband”?

ababcc
What is the rhyme scheme of “Huswifery”?

House-keeping
What does Huswifery mean?

Slave Narrative
What kind of story is “The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano”? (be specific)

Darryl Babe Wilson
Who is the author of “Diamond Island: Alcatraz”

Onondaga, Modoc, Navajo
What are the names of the 3 creation myths we read?

18th
During what century did Olaudah Equiano write?

Onondaga
Which Native Americans come from Central New York State?

Modoc
Which Native Americans come from Oregon and northern California?

Navajo
Which Native Americans come from Arizona, Utah and New Mexico (southwestern USA)?

North, South, East, West
What are the “sacred directions”?

The Earth on Turtle’s Back
What is the name of the Onondaga creation myth?

Michael J. Caduto and Joseph Bruchac
Who are the retellers of the Onondaga creation myth?

When Grizzlies Walked Upright
What is the name of the Modoc creation myth?

Richard Erdoes and Alfonso Ortiz
Who are the retellers of the Modoc creation myth?

The Navajo Origin Legend
What is the name of the Navajo creation myth?

Washington Matthews
Who is the reteller of the Navajo creation myth?

Iroquois
What is the name of the creation myth that we did not cover?

Metaphor
comparison not using “like”or “as”

simile
comparison using “like” or “as”

Puritanism
a religious reform movement that started in England, supported the ideas of predestination, and believed in the total depravity of man and work ethic

Predestination
the action of God in foreordaining from eternity whatever comes to pass

Total Depravity
belief that man was no good, lived a life of sin, man has lived in a life of sin since the fall of the angels

True
True or False. Puritans viewed poetry as a dangerous type of writing because it appealed to the senses and emotions

Distaff
noun; staff on which flax or wool is wound for use in spinning

Affections
noun; emotions

flyers
noun; part of a spinning wheel that twists fibers into yarn

quills
noun; weaver’s spindles or bobbins

ordinances
noun; sacraments or religious rites

fulling mills
noun; machines that shrink and thicken cloth to the texture of felt

pinked
verb; decorated

recompense
noun; repayment; something given or done in return for something else

manifold
adverb, in many ways

persevere
verb, persist; be steadfast in purpose

assimilationism
noun; the policy of completely absorbing minority cultural groups into the main cultural body, especially by intermarriage.

epitaph
noun; an inscription on a tomb or a gravestone in memory of the person buried there; short composition in prose or verse written as a tribute to a dead person.

precariously
being dependent upon circumstances or risk; uncertainly; insecurely.

Lorraine Hansberry
Who is the author of “A Raisin in the Sun”?

Langston Hughes
Who wrote the poem at the beginning of “A Raisin in the Sun”?

Let’s make a better story
What is our class theme?

Drama
a type of literature that is meant to be acted on stage, has stage directions, and includes dialogue

Harlem Renaissance School
Langston Hughes was a part of what movement?

during the 1920s
when did the Harlem Renaissance School flourish?

Lines, Scenes, Acts
How are plays told?

African American
What ethnicity was Lorraine Hansberry?

Arthur Miller
One of the seven men who were married to Marilyn Monroe; author of “Death of a Salesman”

Eugene O’Neill
author of “Long Day’s Journey into Night”

Tennesse Williams
author of “The Glass Menagerie”

Historical
“A Raisin in the Sun” gives us what kind of perspective?

The American Dream
The traditional social ideals of the United States, such as equality, democracy, and material prosperity; the belief that anything’s possible for anyone

Jim Crow Laws
What is the name of the laws we discussed?

Abortion
______ in “A Raisin in the Sun” is a symbol for murdering the American Dream

extricate
verb, set free

agues
noun, fits of shivering

Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur
author of “from Letters from an American Farmer”

Asylum
noun, place of refuge

Penury
noun, lack of money, property, or necessities

despotic
adjective, harsh; cruel; unjust

subsistence
noun, means of support

epistles
personal letters created for general publication

1745
year of birth for Olaudah Equiano

1797
year of death for Olaudah Equiano

expended
verb, to have spent or used by consuming

redolence
noun, scent; smell

autonomous
adjective, independent

1939
year of birth for Darryl Babe Wilson

1642
Year of birth for Edward Taylor

1729
year of death for Edward Taylor

1612
year of birth for Anne Bradstreet

1672
year of death for Anne Bradstreet

1703
year of birth for Jonathan Edwards

1758
year of birth for Jonathan Edwards

omnipotent
adjective, all-powerful

ineffable
adjective, inexpressible

dolorous
adjective, sad; mournful

Sermon
a speech that has a definite point of view and is delivered from the pulpit during a worship service

heirs
noun, people who carry on the tradition of predecessors

Lyndon B. Johnson, Dwight D.

Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon, Harry S. Truman

presidents present at JFK’s Inaugural Address

invoke
verb, call on for help, inspiration, or support

eradicate
verb, get rid of; wipe out; destroy

1917
year of birth for JFK

1963
year of death for JFK

1744
year of birth for Abigail Adams

1818
year of death for Abigail Adams

1735
year of birth for Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur

Abigail Adams
author of “Letter to Her Daughter from the New White House”

1830
year of birth for Emily Dickinson

1886
year of death for Emily Dickinson

7
of her 1775 poems, how many were published before Emily Dickinson’s death?

cornice
noun, projecting decorative molding along the top of a building

Jim
In The adventures of huckleberry finn, Huck’s partner in the quest for eternal freedom is ___________

the “n” word
the word which has been banned in recent editions of huckleberry finn ________

Tom Sawyer
At the beginning of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the person who comes in the middle of the night and wakes up Huck is ________

take to the woods
What did Huck say he would do when his father was around?

Judge Thatcher
Huck wants to give all of the money he has found to _______

a Sunday school picnic
What did the camp of rich A-rabs turn out to be in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn?

child’s
Tom Sawyer can best be described as a(n) _______ story and adventure

adult’s
Huckleberry Finn can best be described as a(n) ______ story and adventure

$6,000
Early in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the reader learns that Tom Sawyer and Huck had each earned ______ from recovering buried treasure

by and by
The most frequently used expression in Huckleberry Finn, other than the use of the “n” word, is ______________

Huck’s father
in Huck Finn, the description “He was most fifty, and he looked it. His hair was long and tangled and greasy, and hung down …” is about ________

read
When Huck’s pap comes to his room at the Widow Douglas’, the first thing that he has Huck do is

his pap locks him in
Huck isn’t able to leave the old cabin to where his pap takes him because ___________

he trips over a tub
This happens to Huck’s pap after he rails against the government

he has been killed
Huck doesn’t take the ax with him when he escapes from his pap because it makes it look like ___________

an old log hut
Early in Huckleberry Finn, Huck’s father caught him and took him to __________

Jim
Whom does Huck find hiding on Jackson’s Island?

put it in Jim’s blanket
Huck did this with the rattlesnake skin that he found in the cave on Jackson’s Island

the Grangerfords
The family who takes in Huck after his raft is run over is named __________

Boggs
The man who rides into town to insult Colonel Sherburn and to kill him is _________

Tom Sawyer
In Huckleberry Finn, Huck pretends to be _______ at the end of the novel

Sid Sawyer
In Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer pretended to be ____ at the end of the novel

surmised
verb, guessed

Death
what is a constant theme in the poems of Emily Dickinson?

oppresses
verb, weighs heavily on the mind

finite
adjective, having measurable or definable limits

infinity
noun, endless or unlimited space, time, or distance

Participial
what kind of phrase includes -ing?

infinitive
what kind of phrase includes -to? (ex.

to dance)

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. If you said I was going to go.

Sentence
Sentence or fragment. The lake is beautiful.

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. I don’t like.

Fragment
Sentence or fragment.

Whom he told to take the letter to.

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. Travel to the store on Tuesday?

Fragment
Sentence or fragment.

Run of the mill place with the usual scenery.

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. The bird in the air.

Sentence
Sentence or fragment. Cammila told me the tale.

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. The books on the table that my friend found at the antique mall.

Sentence
Sentence or fragment. The french fries are too hot.

Sentence
Sentence or fragment. Hamal wants to be a scientist.

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. Said to tell you about it.

Sentence
Sentence or fragment. I prefer orange juice to apple juice.

Sentence
Sentence or fragment. Which book is best to start with?

Fragment
Sentence or fragment. Stories of children, some of my favorite.

their
What is the antecedent of grandparents?

her
what is the antecedent of girl?

its
what is the antecedent of maple (tree)?

their
what is the antecedent of soldiers?

his
what is the antecedent of father?

their
what is the antecedent of beavers and buffalo?

his/her
what is the antecedent of student?

her
what is the antecedent of Ellie (girl)?

its
what is the antecedent of computer?

his
what is the antecedent of Uncle Dwight?

her
what is the antecedent of Ms. Sunjoo?

their
what is the antecedent of members?

his/her
what is the antecedent of person?

his/her
what is the antecedent of police officer?

their
what is the antecedent of Jon and Kyle?

her
what is the antecedent of mother?

its
what is the antecedent of robot?

his/her
what is the antecedent of singer?

resolve..

.acceptable

Hoping to ——– the dispute, negotiators proposed a compromise that they felt would be —– to both labor and management. (don’t write letter choice; write words with the …

in between–no spaces)A.) enforce…

usefulB.) end…divisiveC.) overcome.

.. unattractiveD.

) extend…satisfactoryE.) resolve…

acceptable

dubious…analysis
Before Karen Chin’s research, scientists assumed that the value of evidence preserved in the fossils called coprolites was too —– to warrant the effort of ——.(don’t write letter choice; write words with the ..

. in between–no spaces)A.) unpredictable…transformationB.

) superlative…examinationC.) conventional.

..eradicationD.

) relevant…synthesisE.) dubious…analysis

drama, fiction, myths and epics, nonfiction, poetry
What are the five types of literature we’ve studied? (alphabetical order)

A Dream Deferred
A Raisin in the Sun is based off of a poem by Langston Hughes.

name the poem.

Class and generational conflicts; Concepts of African American beauty and identity; The outspoken feminism of the daughter; The penultimate scene between Beneatha and Asagai; The relationships of husbands and wives, black men and women; Value systems of the black family
What are the themes of A Raisin in the Sun?

Beneatha
What character best goes with “The Outspoken Feminism of the daughter” in A Raisin in the Sun?

Mama
Which character best goes with: “Value systems of the black family” in A Raisin in the Sun?

Walter Lee and Ruth
Which characters best go with “The relationship between husband and wife; black men and women” in A Raisin in the Sun?

Beneatha and Asagai
Which characters best go with “The penultimate scene between Beneatha and Asagai” in A Raisin in the Sun?

Beneatha and Ruth
Which characters best go with “Concepts of African American beauty and identity” in A Raisin in the Sun?

Walter Lee, Ruth, and Travis
Which characters best go with “Class and generational conflicts” in A Raisin in the Sun?

False
True or False. A Raisin in the Sun does not provide the reader with comic reliefs?

Isaiah and Romans
What two books of the Bible did JFK refer to in his Inaugural Address?

She showed her emotions
What did Anne Bradstreet do with her story “To My Dear and Loving Husband” that made it not typical for a Puritan?

Poems by Emily Dickinson
Because I could not stop for Death–I heard a Fly buzz– when I diedThere’s a certain Slant of light,My life closed twice before its closeThe Soul selects her own SocietyThe Brain– is wider than the sky–There is a solitude of spaceWater, is taught by thirst

Wendell Berry
Author of Hannah Coulter

Mississippi River
What is Huck’s place of escape?

Homer
author of The Iliad (Greek)

Homer
author of The Odyssey (Greek)

Virgil
author of of The Aeneid (Roman)

They were tarred and feathered
What happened to the Duke and Dauphin?

Poetry
a type of literature that has rhythm, often times rhymes, and has a speaker or speakers

Quatrain
four stanzas

Biography
“Diamond Island: Alcatraz” could best be described as this form of nonfiction

Personification
The passage “The door lurched open with a complaint.” from “Diamond Island: Alcatraz” is an example of this figure of speech: ____________

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here