Many scholars have carried on several studies as to whether the promotion of democracies by the Western countries, namely, USA and European Union (EU) throughout the world is genuine or has some hidden agenda. Well, I have to authoritatively begin by saying that promotion of democratic principles by the west is like an economic activity whose major aim is to create returns for the two counties.
It is this kind of intention that has unequivocally made the US and the EU have almost the same objectives in their so called promotion of democracy.To analyze both the US and EU objectives in promotion of world democracy, it should be recognized that before the end of the cold war, western countries actually supported more oppressive regimes and dictators who had no respect for human rights at all. Therefore, the apparent change to promote democracy after the cold war automatically leaves people with more questions than answers. From various literatures, it is clear that the two western nations virtually have similar objectives as regards to promotion of world democracy and is found to be anchored on four principles or pillars.These pillars are western idealism, national security objectives, economic interests and international peace (Carothers Thomas, 45). Regarding idealism, the western nations believe that democracy is the only prerequisite tool for peaceful and cooperative existence both at the national and international levels. This kind of association has the potential for creating economic prosperity and respect for human rights throughout the world.
However, as studies have it, the western nations’ idealistic promotion of democracy has not been to completely and unselfishly help other nations reach the same level of political and economic maturity as they are. For instance, in the democratic peace thesis, the underlying point is that democratic states don’t fight or go to war with each other, hence preserving the security of the west. This seems to be the major objective of the Western nation’s democracy both in the Middle East and North Africa (Carothers Thomas, 32).
The issue of security is a serious objective in Western Nations’ foreign policies and it encompasses both military and economic security. The western nations have always promoted democracy as a necessary condition for both national and international security. However, this association has not been fully adhered to especially when faced with a security breach or crisis when they often abandon the promotion of democracy to focus on their security no matter how undemocratic achieving that security will be.This scenario is perfectly illustrated in the 1992 military coup in Algeria where despite the EU adopting democracy and respect for human rights as necessary conditions for receiving development aid, failed to condemn the heinous military coup in the country. And in fact, French and other European nations considered a military government in Algeria than the legitimate elected Islamic Salvation Front government.
This ardently means that the western nations consider democracy secondary to their national security.The same security and democratic arrangement is played by the US both in China and Pakistan, countries that have never embraced any democratic form of governance. In Pakistan for instance, the presence of Americas military bases in the country have made it compromise its vigor for advocating for a democratic government. The same happens for China which is America’s critical ally in preventing the proliferation of weapons and technologies of mass destruction.Lack of democracy in these two particular areas posses a lot of security risks for the US and the citizens. According to researchers on the issue, the 9/11 (Sussman 78) bomb attacks is a good example of such insecurity risks whereby being unable to consult each other as leaders could be causes leading to terrorist acts. The Middle Eastern countries and the Northern African are famously known for their governance systems where democracy is usually a rare thing.
Such leadership where citizens are ruled under dictatorship consists of various types of oppressions. People in such countries are denied freedom of many things hence causing anger and in some cases start forming militia groups, which would eventually start acting citizens against the government.The EU have a lot of strategies put in place for promoting democracy all over the world, even though their main focus now has been these two particular areas, and this is due to the importance of political matters and business. Both the US and EU have worked tirelessly to ensure that democracy is adopted in the regions, with both of them having objectives of no much difference (Cheema 206).
Their main goals are mainly human rights and political rights, but security has been one very important aspect too, especially for the US.