Analyzing & Interpreting Literature~Terms

Topic: ArtFrida Kahlo
Sample donated:
Last updated: April 30, 2019
alliteration
repetition at close intervals of initial consonant words

assonace
repitition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words close together

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allegory
a story in which people, things, and events have a hidden meaning

apostrophe
someone absent, dead, or imagianary, or an abstraction, is being addressed as if it could reply

allusion
a brief reference to a person, event, or place. Sometimes taken from author’s past experiences.

anaphora
repetition of the same word or words at the start of two or more lines

archetype
a character or personality type found in every society

consonance
repetition at close intervals of final consonant sounds

bathos
a change from a serious subject to a disappointing one

Cacophony
harsh, non-melodic, unpleasant sounding arrangement of words

euphony
pleasant, easy to articulate words

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

onomatopoeia
use of words which mimic their meaning in sound

elegy
poem which expresses sorow over a death of someone for whom the poet cared, or on another solemn theme

sonnet
14 line poem, fixed rhyme scheme, fixed meter (usually 10 syllables per line)

connotation
what a word suggests beyond its surface definition

denotation
basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word

diction
choice of words for effect

syntax
word order or grammatical appropriateness

caesura
a natural pause in the middle of a line, sometimes coinciding with punctuation

couplet
two successive lines which rhyme, usually at the end of the writing {poem}

enjambment
describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line…

.the running on of one line of poetry to another

free verse
no fixed meter or rhyme

iambic pentameter
70% of verse is written this way; ten syllables per line, following an order of unaccented-accented syllables.

internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)

meter
the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse

stanza
a group of lines

conceit
an extended witty, paradoxical, or startling metaphor–a very elaborate comparison between two unlikely things

hyperbole
exaggeration, overstatement

imagery
language that appeals to the senses–includes the “mental pictures” that readers experience

irony
IRONIC! .

..incongruity or discrepancy between the implied and expected; verbal, dramatic, situational

metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity { “The streets were a furnace, the sun an executioner.” }

metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself {as in ‘they counted heads’}

mood
the atmosphere suggested by the structure and style of the poem

oxymoron
compact paradoxl two successive words contradict each other

pace
tempo or rate implied by the structure and style of the poem

paradox
statement or situation containing seemingly contradictory elements, but on closer inspection turns out to be true or at least make sense. {“The pen is mightier than the sword.

“}

persona
assumed speaker of the poem; typically used synonymously with ‘speaker’

personification
giving a non-human the characteristics of a human. { “You could vaguely see tears slowly running down from the bunny’s saddened, sparkely grey eyes.” }

simile
comparison using ‘like’ or ‘as’

synecdoche
symbolism; the part signifies the whole, or the whole the part { “all hands on board” } –using a part of something to represent the whole thing

tone
writer’s attitude toward the audience or subject, implied or related directly

pun
a play on words, often for humorous or sarcastic effect

sarcasm
a form of verbal irony in which apparent praise is actually critical { *someone is caked in mud and extremely filthy, and someone else walks up to them and says “Why, you are sooo clean and beautiful looking today!” ….sarcasm* }

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