Animal Farm and 1984 are two very different books that demonstrate the corrupt nature of communism.
As well as warning readers about the devastating effects of totalitarian leaders rising to power. Both these books were written by a man named George Orwell. Orwell who witnessed the effect of communism and totalitarian rulers in the USSR, dedicated his life to exposing the evil behind them. The books he wrote became sort of anti-communist propaganda, that showed his readers how flawed and dangerous the communist mentality is. Animal Farm was written in 1944 to show how people in communist societies are never truly equal. Certain people will always rise above the rest and seize power, creating corrupt totalitarian rulers who will stop at nothing to maintain power and control. In this book, a group of animals over through the cruel and inhumane humans running the farm.
The animals start to live equal classless lives that’s main purpose is to manage the farm on their own, and start a revolution among animals on other farms. Very soon after the humans leave, the pigs start to rise above the other animals by teaching themselves to read and write. They write “The Seven Commandments”, which is a rule of law that every animal is to live by. Slowly the pigs start changing the commandments to benefit them. Napoleon (the pig that rises to power) starts to use violence to control the animals and commits mass killings to scare the animals into obedience. Towards the end of the book, the pigs become friends with the once-hated humans. Even worse they started to become like the humans.
They talked, looked, and even walked like the humans, to the point where the other animals couldn’t tell the pigs from the humans. They had become exactly like what they said they never wanted to be. 1984 was written in 1949 to warn readers about what could happen if totalitarian leaders like Hitler or Stalin, were allowed to take control of the world. He set the book in England to show that people like that could take control anywhere, even in seemingly advanced and democratic societies. In the book, the main character Winston Smith works for the Ministry of Truth, where historical records are modified to fit the needs of the Party. Everywhere he goes the Party watches and listens to everything he says and does. Winston had doubts about the party and was troubled by how they were changing history.
He decided to illegally purchase a diary to write all of his dangerous thoughts in. In Oceania having negative thoughts about the Party was considered a crime. As a matter of fact, “thoughtcrime” as they called it, was the worst crime to commit.
Winston is intrigued by a man named O’Brien, who he believes to be a part of The Brotherhood. The brotherhood is an underground society whose goal is to bring down the Party. Winston’s co-worker named Julia confesses to loving him, even though she wears a red bandana that symbolizes devotion to chastity. They have to keep their affair a secret because in Oceania the Party has to approve couples, and sex is only allowed for the purpose of creating children that will grow up to serve the party. One day Winston receives a letter from O’Brien saying that he wants to meet.
O’Brien lures Winston and Julia into a trap to make them commit a crime against the Party, to which they are arrested and torn apart from each other. Winston is brought to the very feared Ministry of Love where he is brainwashed and endlessly tortured until he is faced with his greatest fear. He pleas for the torture to stop and for them to torture Julia instead. He has been completely broken down and has surrendered to the Party. He is freed but no longer loves her.