Another effect that China is experiencing is the “4:2:1” problem. Thechildren who were a result of the one child policy and have reached adulthoodby the end of the 1990’s, end up financially responsible for two parents, andfour grandparents. China’spopulation has been heavily influenced by the majority consisting of theelderly.
Inaddition there is a chance that the children of the one child policy have beenpoorly disciplined due to “spoiling” the single child. This isa result of couples who prefers a bigger family, being limited to only having one child. On theother hand, parents who preferred more than one child have gone beyond extrememeasures to try and find a loophole within the limits. Thiscauses for some parents to have their second child abroad, known as birth tourism. A popularoption for birth tourism is considered to be the Unites States of America. Anotherresult of the policy are couples who turn to medical alternatives such asincreasing the possibility of giving birth to twins.
With a 2006 China Daily report, thenumber of twins born every year had doubled. Oneshocking effect was the rise of unregistered children known as “black children.” Realistically,they do not legally exist, preventing them from acquiring proper public caresuch as education, health care, etc.
(ADDPOLICIES TO PROTECT CHILDREN). Beforethe 2015 decision of allowing couples to have two children, there were someexceptions. Forinstance, those who lived in rural areas faced less penances than those inurban areas. If acouple gave birth to a child with a disability, whether mental of physical,then the couple was able to have a second child.
Inaddition, if a parent experienced a lost of a child, then they were allowed tohave a second child. Thepolicy finally changed after authorities realized that China was undergoing atop-heavy population. In other words, there were too many ofdependendants for the number of young independents to support. Thiscould be detrimental to the economy which could face set backs for two to threedecades. It isestimated that China could becomethe number one country with the largest elderly population within the next decade. In thelabor market, the working population had decreased by millions. It isestimated that China will have 30 million bachelors creating a dire danger ratio situation. Chinahopes that the two child policy will help stabilize the consequences of the onechild policy.
The impact of the two child policy wasnot expected to be instant, as couples are doubtful on having a second child. Studiesthat have been conducted in the year of 2015, shows that out of 11 million couples legallyallowed a larger family, one 1 million had made an application. It isbelieved that after 30 years of social conditioning, families are unwilling totake the risk of having a second child. This isdue to the financial burden and time to raise a child (add method).
As thetwo child policy is seen an improvement in the right direction, critics believethat it isn’t enough to reverse the problems it has caused. Thegovernment still controls the birth rate, the number of children is still limited,and women are still being told when they can and can’t reproduce. The right to have two children, will soon shift tothe right of having a third. Wang Fung who is a leading demographic expert states, ” the onechild policy is one of the most glaring policy mistakes that China has made.” (Underextreme cirumstances, violations may be ubjected in order to protect thepeople.