AP English Literary Terms

Topic: ArtFrida Kahlo
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 14, 2019
alliteration
repetition at close intervals of initial consonant words

assonance
repetition at close intervals of vowel sounds

consonance
repetition at close intervals of final consonant sounds

cacophony
harsh, non-melodic, unpleasant sounding arrangement of words

euphony
pleasant, easy to articulate words

onomatopoeia
use of words which mimic their meaning in sound

sibilance
hissing sounds represented by s, z, sh

allegory
characters are symbols, has a moral

apostrophe
someone absent, dead, or imagianary, or an abstraction, is being addressed as if it could reply

didactic poetry
poetry with the primary purpose of teaching or preaching

dramatic monologue
character “speaks” through the poem; a character study

elegy
poem which expresses sorow over a death of someone for whom the poet cared, or on another solemn theme

sonnet
14 line poem, fixed rhyme scheme, fixed meter (usually 10 syllables per line)

connotation
what a word suggests beyond its surface definition

denotation
basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word

diction
choice of words for effect

syntax
word order or grammatical appropriateness

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

caesura
a natural pause in the middle of a line, sometimes coinciding with punctuation

couplet
two successive lines which rhyme, usually at the end of a work

enjambment
describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line

feminine rhyme
latter two syllables of first word rhyme with latter two syllables of second word (ceiling appealing)

free verse
no fixed meter or rhyme

iambic pentameter
70% of verse is written this way; ten syllables per line, following an order of unaccented-accented syllables

internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)

masculine rhyme
final syllable of first word rhymes with final syllable of second word (scald recalled)

meter
regularized rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllables; accents occur at approx. equal intervals of time

refrain
repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a pattern

rhyme
repetition of end sounds

rhythm
wave-like recurrence of sound

stanza
group of lines

structure
internal organization of a poem’s content

allusion
a reference to something in literature of history

anaphora
repetition of the same word or words at the start of two or more lines

archetype
a character or personality type found in every society

conceit
an extended witty, paradoxical, or startling metaphor

hyperbole
exaggeration, overstatement

imagery
representation through language of a sensory experience

irony
incongruity or discrepancy between the implied and expected; verbal, dramatic, situational

metaphor
implied or direct comparison

metonymy
symbolism; one thing is used as a substitute for another with which it is closely identified (the White House)

mood
the atmosphere suggested by the structure and style of the poem

oxymoron
compact paradoxl two successive words contradict each other

pace
tempo or rate implied by the structure and style of the poem

paradox
statement or situation containing seemingly contradictory elements

parallelism
presents coordinating ideas in a coordinating manner

persona
assumed speaker of the poem; typically used synonymously with ‘speaker’

personification
giving a non-human the characteristics of a human

simile
comparison using ‘like’ or ‘as’

style
an author’s combined use of these ideas into a recurring pattern of usage

symbolism
something (object, person, situation, etc.) means more than what it is

synecdoche
symbolism; the part signifies the whole, or the whole the part (all hands on board)

theme
central idea

tone
writer’s attitude toward the audience or subject, implied or related directly

understatement
saying less than one means, for effect

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