Repetition of initial consonant sounds
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
A balancing of two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses.
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
Repetition of vowel sounds
a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite o
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
A fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
Repetition of consonant sounds
A pair of lines that end in rhyme
devices of sound
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry.
Choice of words
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson
A narrative poem in which one or more characters speak
a sorrowful poem or speech
A line of poetry that ends with a punctuation mark
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
A metaphor that continues beyond it’s initial use, can be developed at great length
pleasant, harmonious sound
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation
a rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as “waken” and “forsaken” and “audition” and “rendition.” Feminine rhyme is sometimes called double rhyme.
words or groups of words that exaggerate or alter the usual meanings of the component words
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
A pair of rhymed, iambic pentameter lines.
purposeful exaggeration for effect
Language that appeals to the senses.
A contrast between expectation and reality
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
A short poem of songlike quality
A rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable
figure of speech comparing two different things
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
is a metaphor that has gotten out of control and mixes its terms so that they are visually or imaginatively incompatible. “The President is a lame duck who is running out of gas.”
A poem that tells a story
8 line stanza
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
a contradiction or dilemma
A literary technique that relies on the use of the same syntactical structures
(v.) to restate in other words; (n.)a statement that presents a given idea in new language
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings
4 line stanza
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
Repetition of sounds at the end of words
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc
pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written languages
harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
Analysis of verse into metrical patterns
6 line stanza
A comparison using like or as
14 line poem
A group of lines in a poem
management of language for a specific purpose
arrangement of material within a work
mode of expression in language
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
. a figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole. “All hands on deck” is an example.
Order words occur
3 line stanza
a verse form with a rhyme scheme: aba bcb cdc, etc.
Central idea of a work of literature
Attitudes and presuppositions of the author that are revealed by their linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices)
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
A 19 line form using only two rhymes and repeating two of the lines according to a set pattern