A way of pronouncing words that indicates the place of origin or social background of the speaker.
a narrative that serves as an extended metaphor.Main purpose is to tell a story that has characters, a setting, as well as other types of symbols, that have literal and figurative meanings, an extended narrative in prose or verse in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface of the story; the underlying meaning may be moral, religious, political, social, or satiric.
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Examples: John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress (Temptations of Christians) , Orwell’s Animal Farm (Russian Revolution), and Arthur Miller’s Crucible (“Red Scare”)
the repetition of the same consonant, or beginning several words with the same vowel sound
a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature.
a technique by which a writer deliberately suggests two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work.
the simultaneous existence of conflicting feelings or thoughts, such as love and hate, about a person, an object, or an idea; uncertainty or indecisiveness as to what course to follow; fluctuation
something out of its proper historical time; error of putting something in the wrong historical time
repeating last word of clause at beginning of next clause
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
strong anxiety and unhappiness; a feeling of dread
a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
The thing that opposes the protagonist in a narrative or drama. The antagonist may be another character, society itself, a force of nature, or even a conflicting impulse within the protagonist.
An unsatisfying and trivial turn of events in a literary work that occurs in place of a genuine climax. An anticlimax often involves a surprising shift in tone from the lofty or serious to the petty or ridiculous.
A statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced.
Words, phrases, clauses, or sentences set in deliberate contrast to one another. A species of parallelism, antithesis balances opposing ideas, feelings, tones, or structures, giving crisp expression to their pairing and heightening its effect.
a short, often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life. Examples: “Early bird gets the worm.” “What goes around, comes around.
.” “People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.”
Addressing something nonhuman as if it were human
the use of deliberately old-fashioned language
An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype
a short speech, delivered to the audience or to another character, that others onstage are not supposed to hear.
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
When the conjunctions (such as “and” or “but”) that would normally connect a string of words, phrases, or clauses are omitted from a sentence
The emotional tone or background that surrounds a scene
Any popular narrative poem, often with epic subject and usually in lyric form.
extravagantly ornate; flamboyant in style
n. excessive or trivial sentimentality; and abrupt transition in style from the elevated to the commonplace, producing a laughable effect
unrhymed poetry that has a regular rhythm and line length, especially iambic pentameter
harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite of euphony.
a pause, usually near the middle of a line of verse, usually indicated by the sense of the line, and often greater than the normal pause.
an emotional release which brings about renewal of the self or welcome relief from anxiety, tension, etc.
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
A figure of speech that reverses the order of words in phrases that would otherwise be structured the same. (e.g. Heaven is too great of humanity; humanity is too great for heaven)
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
conversational; informal in language
A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood.
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
what a word suggests beyond its surface definition
repetition of consonant sounds within words
two lines of verse that form a unit alone or as part of a poem, especially two that rhyme and have the same meter
the exact/literal meaning of a word, as found in the dictionary
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
A writer’s or speaker’s choice of words
intended to teach; inclined to teach excessively
straying from the main point
This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the characters know.
poem or song expressing lamentation
the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced for the context (“Some people prefer cats; others, dogs.”)
describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line
a feeling of utter weariness and discontent resulting from satiety or lack of interest; boredom
a long narrative poem written in elevated style which present the adventures of characters of high position and episodes that are important to the history of a race or nation
The use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme.
a moment of sudden revelation or insight
a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term
a succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose; the opposite of cacophony
the immediate revelation to the audience of the setting and other background information necessary for understanding the plot; also, explanation; one of the four modes of discourse
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.