AP Lit Poetry Sound & Meter Terms

Topic: Art › Concerts
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Last updated: December 16, 2019
The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words that are next to or close to each other.

the syllable(s) that receive the most emphasis when speaking

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A foot in poetry with two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable.

Approximate rhyme
A term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect.

The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a line of poetry or within a sentence of prose.

blank verse
A line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Shakespeare’s sonnets are all written in this.

A mixture of harsh, unpleasant or discordant sounds

A strong pause within a line of verse – often indicated visually.

closed form
A form or structure in poetry in which the lines, stanzas, metrical patterns, and rhyme schemes follow established patterns and forms.

Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.

A pair of rhymed lines, which sometimes forms a separate stanza of a poem.

A foot in poetry with one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.

the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry

end rhyme
The matching of the final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words that occur at the end of lines of poetry

end stopped line
A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation

A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.

Words containing consonants that permit an easy and pleasant flow of spoken sound.

Feminine rhyme
a rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as “waken” and “forsaken” and “audition” and “rendition.”

A metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables.

free verse
Unrhymed lines without regular rhythm.

A foot which starts with an unaccented and ends with an accented (stressed) syllable.

It is the most common meter in English

internal rhyme
The matching of the final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words that occur within the same line of poetry.

masculine rhyme
A rhyme made on a single stressed syllable

A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

An eight-line unit of poetry, which may constitute a verse or section of the poem.

The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe.

open form
A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure.

A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.

rhetorical stresses
in natural speech, as in prose and poetic writing, the stressing of words or syllables so as to emphasize meaning and sentence structure

A stanza of poetry containing four lines.

A Shakespearean sonnet contains three quatrains followed by a couplet.

The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words. End rhyme indicates rhymes that occur at the end of lines of poetry, while internal rhyme indicates rhymes within lines.

Definition: A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables (meter) or by the repetition of words and phrases or even whole lines or sentence

Run-on line
A line of verse that does not end in punctuation, but carries on grammatically to the next line.

The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain

6 line stanza of poetry

Slant rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words “stress” and “kiss”);

a foot of poetry with two stressed syllables

A division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form—either with similar or identical patterns of rhyme and meter

terza rima
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc. Dante’s Divine Comedy is written in terza rima.

A metrical measurement of one stressed syllable and one unstressed

a two syllable unit of meter that is characterized by two consecutive unstressed syllables

poetic line length: one foot

poetic line length: two feet

poetic line length: three feet

poetic line length: four feet

poetic line length: five feet

poetic line length: six feet

Poetic line length: seven feet

poetic line length: eight feet

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