AP LIT words

Topics: ArtComedy

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Last updated: April 30, 2019

hackneyed
overused, cliched

supercilious
snobbish, patronizing, overbearing, scornful, disdainful

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duplicitous
Deceptive; marked by contradictory second thoughts

capricious
determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason

parallel syntax
repetition of worse or phrases to emphasize a point.

conclusive logic
?

didactic
instructive (especially excessively)

pastoral elegy
A poem about death and idyllic rural life – often featuring shepherds.

memoir
an account of the author’s personal experiences

narrative
consisting of or characterized by the telling of a story

rhetoric
using language effectively to please or persuade

ALLEGORY
characters, settings, and events stand for other

alliteration
repeat consonant sound

allusion
reference of something from another culture, indirect reference

ambiguity
deligeratly suggesting more than one thing, sometimes conflicting things

analogy
comparison

anaphora
repetition of phrase at begining of two or more sentences

anastrophe
inversion of a sentence for emphasis or rhythm

anectdote
breif story, shows character

antimetabole
repetition of words of a phrase in reverse gramatical order

antithesis
balacing words that contrast using grammar

antihero
main character, but lacking heroic characteristics ex: no courage

anthropomorphism
personification

aphorism
brief clever statement about life, maxim

apostrophe
calling out to dead, if asking for something= invocation

apposition
giving a statement : explanation

assonance
similar vowel sounds

asyndeton
using commas to make a list: 1,2,3 bears

indirect characterization
author shows characters personality through dialogue, description of dress, etc

direct characterization
author tells what the character is and decribes their personality

static
unchanging

dynamic
changes because of story’s action

chiasmus
antimetabole used in poetry, switcheroo

colloquialism
casual diciton, used in daily life, inapproprate for formal writing

conceit
metaphore comparing two things startlingly different: ex: my sister and my toothbrush.

how alike!

connotations
the associations that have overtime developed for a word/phrase

couplet
two consectutive rhyming lines of poetry

didactic
form of writing that is used to teach a lesson/moral

elegy
a poem of mourning, about someone who has died

eulogy
speech of praise of someone who has died

epanalepsis
reptition of a word at begining and end of sentence: you are not any longer you.

epigraph
quotation at begining of the work that suggests a theme

epistrophe
opposite of anaphora, repetition of a word at end of multiple sentences.

epithet
title used to emphasize a quality: mr. bignose

Argumentation
uses logic, emotion appeal and ethics to convince reader

persuasion
convince reader with emotion

argument
convince with reason

casual relationship
used to prove that one thing results from another, logical

description
uses language to convey a mood

exposition
where something is explained or “set forth”

explication
interpreting a text, usually must analyze language

farce
comedy thats wayyyy wacked out

hypotactic
sentence that makes a statement and then explains why using logic: emily is a butt because she has a butt and it has become her.

inversion
swap word order in a sentence to make it funky

verbal irony
when one says one thing but means something totally different.

usually one is seniel.

situational irony
when something takes place and there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen where and what actually goes down

dramatic irony
in a play when the character thinks one thing is true but the audience knows better

juxtaposition
a witty association/connection of ideas

litotes
a form of understatement in which the positive form is emphasized through the negated negative form

local color
emphais on setting

loose sentence
periodic sentence

lyric poem
doesn’t tell a story but conveys feelings

ballad
tells a story

implied metaphor
where the two things being compared aren’t directly stated

extended metaphor
really really long metaphore

dead metaphor
a metaphore that has been used so often its no longer vivid

metonymy
a figure of speech where a phrase represents something closely associated with it. ex: the throne= monarchial rule

motif
image seen throughtout a work

oxymoron
JUMBO shrimp

parable
think jesus

koan
a witty paradox used in buddhism

parallel structure
the repetition of words or phrases with similar grammatical structure

parody
makes fun using the style of another writer

periodic sentence
sentence that puts central thought at end of sentence after introductary elements

exposition
intro to character, setting

objective point of view
narator has no comment, totally impersonal

polysyndeton
uses no commas: 1 and 2 and 3 bears

quatrain
four line part of poem (or whole), considered a unit

refrain
chorus. tonights gunna be a good night.

romance
emily undertakes a quest.

emily is succesful.

satire
pokes fun with a hope to change things

synecdoche
part represents the whole: your gunna loose your wheels! (wheels= car)

syntactic fluency
variety of sentence structure. changin it up

syntactic permutation
complex sentences often too difficult for reader to follow

telegraphic sentence
It’s shorter than five words.

theme
insight about human life that the work has got to give

tone
attitude of writer

tricolon
sentence of three parts of equal importance and length, each independent clauses

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