AP Literary Terms Metonymy-Romance

Topic: EntertainmentGames
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 9, 2019
metonymy
a figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing, is referred to by something closely associated with it.

mood
an atmosphere created by a writer’s diction and the details selected

motif
a recurring image, word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work(or in several works by one author), unifying the work by tying the current situation to previous ones, or new ideas to the theme.

motivation
the reasons for a character’s behavior

onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds echo their sense

oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase

parable
a relatively short story that teaches a moral, or lesson about how to lead a good life

paradox
a statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth

koan
is a paradox use in Zen Buddhism to gain intuitive knowledge

parallel structure
(parallelism) the repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures

paratactic sentence
simply juxtaposes clauses or sentences

parody
a work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer’s style

periodic
sentence that places the main idea or central complete thought at the end of the sentence, after all introductory elements

personification
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

plot
the series of related events in a story or play, sometimes called the storyline

exposition
introduces characters, situation, and setting

rising action
complications in conflict and situations

climax
that point in a plot that creates the greatest intensity, suspense, or interest

resolution
the conclusion of a story, when all or most of the conflicts have been settled

point of view
the vantage point from which the writer tells the story

first person point of view
one of the characters tells the story

third person point of view
an unknown narrator, tells the story, but this narrator zooms in focus on the thoughts and feelings of only one character

omniscient point of view
an omniscient or all knowing narrator tells the story, also using the third person pronouns, this narrator, instead of focusing on one character only, often tells us everything about many characters

objective point of view
a narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story, with no comment on any characters or events

polysyndeton
sentence which uses a conjunction with NO commas to separate the action. usually the hero or anti-hero

pun
a “play on words” based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things

quatrain
a poem consisting of four lines, or four lines of a poem that can be considered as a unit

refrain
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for effect, several times in a poem

rhythm
a rise and fall of the voice produced by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language

rhetoric
art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse

rhetorical question
a questions asked for an effect, and not actually requiring an answer

romance
in general, a story in which an idealized hero or heroine undertakes a quest and is successful

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