AP Literature – Figurative Language Vocab 2

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Last updated: May 6, 2019

Ellipsis
the deliberate omission of a word or words readily implied by the context.ex. The ceremony honored twelve brilliant athletes from the Caribbean who were visiting the US.The ceremony honored twelve brilliant athletes..

. visiting the US.

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Asyndeton
Deliberate omission of conjunctions between items in a seriesex. They dove, splashed, floated, swam, snorted.

Polysyndeton
Deliberate use of many conjunctionsex. She went round and round and round until she felt dizzy.

Alliteration
Repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent wordsex. The silent, slithering snake quickly slid through the green grass.

Assonance
The repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses.ex. On a proud round cloud in a white high night”oud” & “i”

Epistrophe
Repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses.

ex. When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, and I thought as a child.

Epanalepsis
Repetition at the end of a clause of the word that occurred at the beginning of the clause.ex.

Next time there won’t be a text time. Common sense isn’t so common.

Anadiplosis
Repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause.ex. Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering.

Climax
Arrangements of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of increasing importance.

Antimetabole
Repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order.ex.

Eat to live, not live to eat. Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do what your country.

Chiasmus
Reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clausesex. you forget what you want to remember, and you remember what you want to forget.I flee to chases and chase who flees me.

Polyptoton
Repetition of words derived from the same root.

ex. choosy mothers choose; to be ignorant of one’s ignorance is ignorant

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