AP Literature Vocabulary: Sentimentality-Stock Character

sentimentality
unmerited or contrived tender feeling; that quality in a work that elicits or seeks to elicit tears through an oversimplification or falsification of reality

sentimental poetry
poetry that attempts to manipulate the reader’s emotions in order to achieve a greater emotional response than the poem itself really warrants (aka “tear-jerker”)

sestet
1) a six-line stanza
2) the last six lines of a sonnet structured on the Italian model

setting
the context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs

Shakespearean sonnet
see English sonnet

simile
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike; the comparison is made explicit by the use of some word or phrase as like, as, than, similar to, resembles, or seems

single rhyme
a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the final syllable of the words invoked (dance-pants, scald-recalled)

situational irony
a situation in which there is an incongruity between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between the actual situation and what would seem appropriate

soliloquy
a speech in which a character, alone on the stage, addresses himself or herself; a soliloquy is a “thinking out loud,” a dramatic means of letting an audience know a character’s thoughts and feelings

sonnet
a fixed form of fourteen lines, normally iambic pentameter, with a rhyme scheme conforming to or approximating one of two main types – the Italian or the English sonnet

spondee
a metrical foot consisting of two syllables equally or almost equally accented

stanza
a group of lines whose metrical pattern (and usually its rhyme scheme as well) is repeated throughout a poem

stanzaic form
the form taken by a poem when it is written in a series of units having the same number of lines and usually other characteristics in common, such as metrical pattern or rhyme scheme

static character
a character who is the same sort of person at the end of the work as the beginning

stock character
a stereotyped character: one whose nature is familiar to us from prototypes in previous literature