AP Spanish Literature Literary Terms

Topics: ArtTheater

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: April 30, 2019

vocales
vowels

diptongo
diphthong, the combination of a strong vowel (a, o, e) with a weak vowel (i, u)

sinéresis
two strong vowels in the same syllable

sinalefa
blending two successive vowels into one syllable

llana
describes words in which the stressed syllable is the second to last

aguda
describes words in which the stressed syllable is the last

esdrújulas
describes words in which the stressed syllable is the third to last

tetrasílabo
four syllables per line

hexasílabo
six syllables per line

heptasílabo
seven syllables per line

octosílabo
eight syllables per line

eneasílabo
nine syllables per line

decasílabo
ten syllables per line

endecasílabo
eleven syllables per line

dodecasílabo
twelve syllables per line

alejandrino
fourteen syllables per line

hipérbole
hyperbole, exaggeration

prosopopeya
personification, giving human characteristics to non-human objects

aliteración
alliteration, repetition of the same sound or group of sounds

anáfora
anaphora, repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of two or more verses or sentences

antítesis
antithesis, expression of contradictory ideas in similar phrases

aparte
aside, technical theater term to communicate to the audience certain things that the other characters should not know

apóstrofe
apostrophe, a passage addressing a person or thing as if it could respond

arquetipo
archetype, a typical example or symbol of something, a model of behavior

arte mayor
verses with more than eight syllables

arte menor
verses with eight syllables or less

asíndeton
asyndeton, omission of a conjunction between parts of a sentence

carpe diem
life is short and should be appreciated

cesura
caesura, a pause in the middle of a line

clímax
climax, most intense point of action in the plot

elipsis
ellipsis, omission of elements of a sentence

encabalgamiento
enjambment, continuation of a thought from one verse to the next

epopeya
epic poetry, poetry in an elevated style describing a historic or legendary hero

epíteto
epithet, addition of adjectives that are not necessary, but emphasize a certain characteristic of a thing

estribillo
refrain, line or lines that are repeated throughout a poem

estrofa
stanza

estructura
structure, the framework of a literary work

exposición
exposition, the beginning of a work in which the characters and premise are introduced

hamartia
tragic flaw, weakness of a tragic hero that leads him to catastrophe

hipérbaton
hyperbaton, alteration to the typical order of words in a sentence

imagen
image, literal or figurative representation of an object or sensory experience, mental image

in media res
beginning in the middle of the action rather than before

metáfora
metaphor, a comparison between objects in which one object is typically symbolic of another

metonimia
metonymy, substitution of a word for the idea meant

onomatopeya
onomatopoeia, use of words to imitate a sound

paradoja
paradox, union of apparently irreconcilable ideas

pareado
couplet, stanza of two lines

parodia
parody, exaggerated imitation of something for comic effect

prefiguración
foreshadowing, indication of events to come

realismo mágico
magical realism, magical elements in a realistic setting

rima asonante
assonance, type of rhyme in which only the vowels rhyme

rima consonante
consonance, rhyme in which the last sounds rhyme

simbolo
symbol, use of a concrete object to represent an abstract idea

símil
simile, comparison between two objects using like or as

sinécdoque
synecdoche, substituting the name of an object for another related object, typically used to give an object a more general name

soneto
sonnet, poetic composition of fourteen lines

tema
theme

tono
tone, attitude of the author towards the material

alegoría
allegory, story interpreted to reveal a deeper meaning

copla
couplet, two lines of verse joined into one unit

figuras retóricas
rhetorical figure, language device used by a writer to prompt the reader to consider the meaning from a different perspective

hemistiquio
hemistich, half a line of verse preceded or followed by a caesura, sometimes used to indicate tension or suspense

justicia poética
poetic justice, device in which a character is punished or rewarded based on their actions, often by fate

metro
meter, rhythmic structure of verse

retruécano
pun, play on words involving words that sound similar or a word with multiple meanings

octava
octave, verse consisting of eight lines

polifonía
polyphony, aspect of narrative involving multiple perspectives

oda
ode, lyric poem addressing a particular subject, often elevated in style

polisíndeton
polysyndeton, repetition of conjunctions

pregunta retórica
rhetorical question, question posed for effect and not intended to be answered

ritmo
rhythm, pattern of language

serventesio
stanza of four verses of more than eight syllables with consonance, usually with a rhyme scheme ABAB

apología
eulogy, speech in defense or praise of a person or ideology

caricatura
caricature, work that ridicules the example it is about

cromatismo
the use of a set or range of colors to represent ideas or emotions

desdoblamiento
formation of two or more things through the separation of components that tend to be together, such as the manifestation of two or more personalities

leitmotiv
leading motif, repetition of a word, phrase, situation, or concept in a work

metaficción
metafiction, fiction in which the author breaks the illusion of reality in a work by referring to the artificiality of the work

sátira
satire, a literary work whose purpose is to ridicule the subject

narrativa epistolar
epistolary novel, a work in the form of written letters from one or multiple characters

narrador fidedigno
reliable narrator, narrator whose understanding of the characters or the actions in the story accredit it to tell the facts

narrador no fidedigno
unreliable narrator, narrator who misinterprets the motives or action of the characters or who does no perceive the connections between the facts of the story, creating a discrepancy between the author and the narrator because the narrator is offering inconsistent information

narrador testigo
witness, narrator who does not participate in the action of the story but relates the facts in first person and makes commentary

narratario
the person at whom the narrator directs the text

parábola
parable, a short educational story whose action is applicable to another situation

diéresis
diaeresis, pronunciation of vowels in a diphthong in separate syllables

hiato
hiatus, separation of a sinalefa

verso blanco
blank verse, verse that does not have any kind of rhyme with any other verse, appears in poems with a regular metric rhyme scheme

verso libre
free verse, verso that does not have any rhyme or metric pattern

polimetría
polymetric, use of distinct metric forms in a single poem

silva
silva meter, combines verses of seven and eleven syllables

anagnórisis
anagnorisis, moment at which a character makes an important discovery or understands something about himself, human nature, or his situation

catarsis
catharsis, feeling of purification or liberation prompted by some experience

falla trágica
tragic flaw, fatal error of the protagonist in a work that causes an irreparable harm

pathos
in a Greek tragedy, the affection that inclines the audience towards the tragic character

tres unidades
theatrical rule that there is only one principal action, that the action does not last more than one day, and that all of the action takes place in the same place

cacofonía
cacophony, use of words that combine unpleasant sounds

sinestesia
synthesthesia, description of a sensation or image by means of sensations perceived by the five senses

conceptismo
conceptism, literary movement associated with the Spanish baroque period that is characterized by the use of word play, paradoxes, acuteness of thoughts, and concision in expression

culteranismo
Gongorism, Spanish literary style from the end of the 16th century and the 17th century, characterized by the excessive wealth of surprising metaphors, the exaggerated use of jargon, and syntactic complexity

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here