C. belief that society needed to break free from its old traditions. D. fear that civil war was going to engulf the nation. E.
declining importance placed on religious piety.
was that American artists had little to offer Europe. C. included praise for American artists for defining a new set of national virtues. D.
included criticism of American artists for ignoring romanticism. E. was that it had been hopelessly corrupted by the ideology of unfettered capitalism.
James Whistler. B. Thomas Cole. C. Frederic Church. D. Albert Bierstadt. E.
B. Herman Melville. C. James Fenimore Cooper. D.
Edgar Allan Poe. E. Sydney Smith.
C. celebrated the liberation of the individual. D. was a strong critic of American democracy. E. became a strong defender of Southern institutions, especially slavery.
C. largely focused on Southern society. D. acclaimed by many American writers in his time. E. completely ignored in Europe after his death.
argued that emotional responses inhibited the internal development of individuals. D. believed all individuals should develop their intellectualism. E. argued for the liberating potential of “understanding.”
was more conventional in his thinking than Ralph Waldo Emerson. B. felt every individual should balance society’s expectations with one’s own instincts. C. argued that being part of society helped individuals to transcend their egotism. D. established a college for transcendentalism at Walden Pond.
E. argued Americans had a moral right to disobey the laws of the United States.
to create a society where individuals did not have to work. B. to allow individuals to live without any social limits on their behavior.
C. to eliminate social sexual discrimination through a practice of celibacy. D. to permit all members to realize their full potential as individual beings. E.
to show that communal living was more efficient and productive than family life.
Walden. E. Nauvoo.
communal raising of children C. polygamy D. free love E. complete celibacy
B. emphasized individual liberty. C. was founded by Brigham Young. D. began in the Midwest. E.
always rejected polygamy.
sought to revive the ideals of Calvinism. B. believed that no individual could control his or her personal salvation. C. took the lead in the cause to end slavery. D. formed a crusade against personal immorality. E.
believed temperance was detracting from other, loftier reform movements.
E. None of these answers is correct.
the absence of regulations in the medical profession. B. the absence of basic knowledge about disease. C. the low social status of medical professionals. D. the difficulty in medical experimentation. E.
the apathy of the general population towards preventative health.
did not exist. B. gave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world. C. was legally denied for all non-whites. D. was funded by the federal government. E.
emphasized independence and creativity.
Susan B. Anthony. B. Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
C. Lucretia Mott. D. Angelina Grimke. E. Dorothea Dix.
All these answers are correct. E. None of these answers is correct.
B. asserted that women should have a place in society distinctly different from men. C. refused to allow men to attend. D.
called on the government to treat both genders and all races with equality. E. shied away from demanding female suffrage as too radical.
issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
C. Angola. D. England. E. Canada.
in favor of the “back to Africa” movements. E. strongly opposed to Southern slavery.
B. wrote for William Lloyd Garrison’s abolitionist newspaper. C. spent years lecturing in England against slavery. D. was an ordained minister. E. argued that blacks wanted only an end to slavery, and not full social equality.
William Lloyd Garrison. B. Frederick Douglass. C.
Sojourner Truth. D. Benjamin Lundy. E. Elijah Lovejoy.
defensive wars. C. ending the asylum system. D. Northern disunion from the South. E.
opposed the admission of California into the union in 1850. C. promoted “free soil.” D. focused on strengthening the fugitive slave laws.
E. campaigned for outright abolition.
promoted “free soil.”