APUSH TEST!

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Last updated: April 22, 2019

The rise of cities and industry
caused sweeping changes in all segments of American society.

The journalist who exposed How the Other Half Lives in urban tenements was
Jacob Riis

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One of the leading architects in late nineteenth-century America was
Louis H. Sullivan.

If an American became ill in the 1870s,
home care would be the accepted form of treatment.

In the Victorian code of morality,
strict standards of behavior should be followed.

Most Americans in the 1880s
were church-attending Protestants.

After the Civil War,
reform movements remained active in American life.

The Comstock Law
legislated public morality.

What did the popularity of spectator sports indicate?
the increased amount of leisure time

The most famous of the urban political bosses in the late nineteenth century was
William Tweed.

The middle-class American family of the late nineteenth century
had a greater social function.

The New Woman
developed from the economic changes of the times.

The common-law doctrine of femme couverte
was revised to adapt to the changes of the period.

In the late nineteenth century,
motherhood and home were held in high esteem.

Public schools in the 1870s and 1880s
vigorously stressed discipline and routine.

A major difference between northern and southern schools was
southern states could not finance their schools.

As a result of the Plessy v. Ferguson decision,
African American education was to be separate but equal to white education.

A major change in the college curriculum of the late nineteenth century was to
stress the practical application of education.

African Americans and other minorities
were not encouraged to participate in new educational opportunities.

Booker T. Washington
believed that self-help was the best plan for African Americans.

W. E. B. Du Bois
believed educational advancement was the key to success.

In 1890, what percentage of New York City residents were of foreign birth or foreign parentage?
80%

Which of the following statements about late nineteenth-century immigrants is NOT true?
Most were highly skilled craftsmen.

By the end of the nineteenth century, most immigrants arrived from
southern and eastern Europe.

For most Americans, the new immigrants of the late nineteenth century
were seen as threats to the future of society.

As the new immigrants entered American society,
they clung to the customs of their native countries.

By 1900, there were 51 states and territories in the United States. How many required compulsory school attendance?
31

One consequence of the urban growth of the late nineteenth century was
powerful city political machines.

Which of the following was NOT a reason urban political machines stayed in power?
There was little regard for the political system.

The Social Darwinists
believed the laws of nature applied to society.

According to Henry George,
there was a wide gulf between rich and poor.

Which of the following men demanded strict laissez faire?
William Graham Sumner

A Social Gospel minister believed that
the church must actively participate in society.

The leading American advocate of Social Darwinism was
William Graham Sumner.

His theory of a single tax would have equalized wealth and raised revenue to aid the poor.
Henry George

_____________ was the first spectator sport to develop after the Civil War.

Baseball

The _____________ gave large grants of land to states to establish agricultural colleges.
Morrill land grant act

The most famous political machine of the late nineteenth century was
Tammey Hall

Building the new skyscrapers depended on the invention of
electrical elevators.

In 1894, the Immigration Restriction League demanded a literacy test for immigrants from
southern and eastern Europe.

The notorious head of the New York City political machine was
William Tweed

Which of the following statements about American family life in the nineteenth century is NOT true?
Medical science was still hopelessly locked into the past

Which foreign country had the greatest impact on higher education in the United States in the late
Germany

The influential president of Harvard in the late 1800s was
Charles T. Elliot

____________ wrote the book Looking Backward that looked forward to a future of socialism in America.
Edward Bellamy

Jane AAdams was a founder of
Hull House in Chicago

The religious movement that believed Christianity must have a goal of meeting the needs of the urban poor was
the Social Gospel.

A founder of the National American Woman Suffrage Association was
Susan B.

Anthony

Why were Americans fascinated by politics during the Gilded Age?
Most Americans saw it as a form of entertainment.

According to the theory behind the grandfather clause,
only whites could exercise their voting rights.

Which of the following groups made up the bulk of the electorate until 1900?
white males

Which of the following did NOT determine party loyalty in the late nineteenth century?
political ideology

Which of the following was NOT part of the Republican party’s platform in the post-Civil War period?
decentralized government power

The first state commisions
were advisory in nature

The Wabash stated that
states could regulate only intrastate commerce

The interstate commerce
was the first attempt at the federal regulation.

Until the 1890s,
the presidency was weaker than Congress.

The Pendleton Act
provided a merit system for the national government

Grover Cleavland
curtailed federal activities

Which of the following was NOT an accomplishment of the Harrison administration
Bland- Allison Act

The Sherman Antitrust Act
was vague and at the mercy of the Courts

The us v. E.

C. Knight

narrowed the definition of trusts and monopolies

those who supported the free coinage silver
were convicted it would help the agrarian sectors

the sherman silver act
kept limited silver coinage in circulation

Why was the Republican-controlled Congress of 1890 important?
Its legislation shaped the future policy of the nation.

Which of the following was NOT a reason for farm discontent in the late nineteenth century?
the inability to organize and voice their discontent

Which of the following was NOT an organization of farmers that sprang into existence in the late 1880s?
The Grange

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the depression of 1893?
It brought rural and urban societies closer together.

The major objective of the Alliance Movement was
to organize and politicize the American farmer.

The panic of 1893
was caused by the economic changes of the period.

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Pullman Strike?
the workers had their demands met

By 1894,
the deadlock between the Republicans and Democrats ended.

Which of the following individuals was NOT a prominent American writer of the late nineteenth century?
Jacob Coxey

The literally naturalists argued that
the environment had a great effect in shaping human character.

The writings of Mark Twain
relied on the realism and humor of American life.

William McKinley was elected in
1896

in the 1890s, miners of the midwest
wewre seriously affected by th flood of immigrants from southern europe

the president of the us during the depression on 1893 was
Grover Cleavland

The major issue of the election of 1896 was
currency

Why was William Jennings Bryan defeated in 1896?
The established eastern press had deserted him.

As president, William McKinley
was an activist president.

the 1890s
shaped the destiny of the nation

In this case, the Supreme Court upheld the right of states to regulate commerce.
Munn v. United States

As Speaker of the House, he was able to force legislation through Congress.
Thomas Reed

The two major presidential candidates of the 1896 election were
William Jennings Bryan and William McKinley.

As the leader of the unemployed marching on Washington, he demanded that the government fund jobs.
Jacob Coxey

The individual who rocketed to national attention because of the Pullman strike was
Eugene V.

Debs.

The president who entered the White House after the fraudulent election of 1876 was Grover Cleveland.
Rutherford B. Hayes.

Which of the following presidents was assassinated in office?
James Garfeild

Which of the following presidents was a Democrat?
Grover Cleavland

Which one of the following court decisions severely crippled the Sherman Antitrust Act?
United States v. E.

C. Knight

Which one of the following was NOT a demand of the Populist Party?
maintenance of the gold standard

The Populist candidate for president in 1892 was
James Weaver

The leader of the American Railway Union at the time of the Pullman strike was
Eugene V. Debs.

Early in the 1890s, the Democrats succeeded in
modestly reducing tariff levels.

The greatest change in American literature during the late 1800s was the rise of
realism

The leading naturalist writer of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was
Theodore Dreiser.

Why was American expansion of the 1890s different from earlier expansionist moves?
It would create economic and military colonies overseas.

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