Archetype: 1. An archetype is something that is considered to be a perfect ortypical example of a particular kind of person or thing, because it has alltheir most important characteristics (COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary). In the scene in which Dory wakes from herunconscious state after falling into the ‘undertow’ she has a flashback whichtriggers certain memories, consequently Dory sets out to fulfill the task offinding her parents.
2. ‘The Hero’ archetype can be identified in Dory. While Dory may be asimple character, by acting as the main character/hero of the story and settingout to fulfill the task of reuniting with her long-lost parents, viewers caninfer specific ‘hero’ qualities in Dory. Not only does she fulfill her goal offinding her parents, she also overcomes the challenges that face her as a resultof her disability- thus, truly demonstrating her hero qualities. She’s acharacter that is well received by viewers who can easily sympathize with her,which is why she can identify as a hero archetype.3.
By emphasizing the idea that someone with a disability canaccomplish and achieve their goals, the creators create the impression forchildren that children with disabilities can be heroes too. The audience canempathize with Dory as she represents a familiar image and idea of who a heroshould be. Ultimately a strong emotional influence is created and effectivelyused by the creators.
The use of this archetype is vitally important,especially in stories targeted at younger children, as they can identify withsimpler characters. Metaphor:1. Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied orhidden comparison between two things that are unrelated, but which share somecommon characteristics (Literary Devices). A metaphor can be identified in the scene inwhich Hank and Dory are trapped in the Kids Zone in the Marine Life Instituteand need a way to escape the dangerous fish-grabbing children. 2. The song “Just Keep Swimming” that Dory sings in this scene is animplicit comparison between literally moving forward- keep on swimming- andthat of keeping on trying in life or in the situation. In the scene Dory motivates Hank to keepmoving forward with her, while metaphorically she’s also implying not to giveup, even when the situation seems grim.
3. The creators obviously wanted to depict a positive form ofperseverance even in times of dismay. As mental illness is one of the mainmoral elements of the story, not giving up and keep on trying despiteshortfalls, drawbacks and hard times, this metaphor is extremely relevant andappropriate. The deeper message the creators are trying to convey is that weshould have a positive perception about events that happen throughout our lives,as negative events can always have a positive side to them. Allegory:1. A story, in this case, in which the characters and events representspecific qualities or ideas that relate to religious, moral, and politicalaspects.
(Cambridge Dictionary, n.d) In theopening scene of the movie, in which Jenny and Charlie (Dory’s parents) areseen teaching a young Dory how to make it and blend into the normal world, theaudience is introduced to Dory’s short-term memory mental illness. 2. Dory’s short-term memory loss acts as an allegory as it is anelement that recurs throughout the movie and ultimately represents the moralidea relating to how people with disabilities are received by society and howthey still accomplish their goals.
Allthe challenges and hurdles Dory and company face revolve around her disability.3. Dory’s short-term memory loss signifies a vehicle that representshow society receives people with mental illnesses. As mentioned before, theallegory emphasizes the main moral idea the film attempts to portray- that evenwith a disability, perseverance and self-belief can help you achieve yourgoals. The creators add great depth to characters that otherwise might’ve been’flat characters’ in an attempt to highlight an important moral idea that childrenshould be subtly introduced to at young ages.
PART B A. 1. Cultural intertextual clue; Parable of the Persistent Widow (Luke18:1-8) – Facing defeat and failure, Hank and Dory are trapped in the truckheading to Cleveland. Hank is adamant that there is no possible way to escape,however Dory believes there’s always another way- and in fact there is anotherway to escape. (1:19:00) 2.
The Parable of the Persistent Widow demonstrates how important itis to persevere and never give up (Holy Bible, n.d). In thisscene Dory reflects the value and idea of perseverance that the parablepreaches.
The parable is also identifiable in the metaphor regarding ‘Just KeepSwimming’ mentioned earlier. 3. This parable preaches the very important understanding and messageof perseverance.
Throughout Finding Dory, perseverance is a quality Doryexhibits, it is this quality that keeps her going despite her mental illnessand any other obstacles in her way. The creators want to incorporate thespecific message of perseverance to their young viewers and illustrate to them itsimportance in succeeding and achieving goals.B. 1. Cultural intertexual clue; Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke15:11-32) – Dory follows a trail of shells laid out in the ocean close to wherethe Marine Life Institute is situated.
The shells lead Dory to a home whereDory’s parents have settled in efforts to help Dory find her way home. In thisemotional scene Dory is reunited with her parents once again. (1:08:00) 2. This scene is comparable to the Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke15:11-32), in which the Prodigal Son was very warmly welcomed back home by hisfather after leaving and squandering all the wealth his father gave to him (Holy Bible, n.d). Much like God is ready towelcome the prodigals home, no matter what had happened to Dory, her parentswere extremely overjoyed to see her again and have her apart of the family oncemore.
3. This particular reference adds significant value and meaning to thestory. The creators might’ve intended for this reference to illustrate anddemonstrate the importance of acceptance and faith. Dory was welcomed homewithout any regard to her circumstances. This emphasizes the fact that peoplewith disabilities mean something to someone and will always be accepted byloved ones regardless of their disability.
It also highlights the fact thatDory’s parents never lost faith in Dory and her capability to, one day, findher way home.C. 1. Cultural Intertextual clue; 2 Timothy 1:7 – Dory regains memory ofher parents and wants to set out on a journey to find them and return home.Marlin however is fearful of the idea and attempts to prevent Dory from leavingtheir current home in the reef. (0:14:00)2.
According to the biblical reference 2 Timothy 1:7; god intended forus to have a spirit of power, love and self-control instead of fear (Holy Bible, n.d). In this scene, Marlin expresseshis fears of sea travelling (in light of his past experiences from FindingNemo), however Dory maintains her composure through self-control and helpsMarlin understand that finding her parents is something she must do and noamount of fear will stand in the way of that. Also, Dory feels a sense of guiltand sadness due to the affect her mental disability has on her relationships,however she refuses to let this define her and attests to the biblicalreference of having a spirit of love and self-control. This biblical reference attains one of the broadmessages the story and its creators are trying to communicate. While having adisability comes with many fears, this specific reference maintains the idea ofovercoming these fears and what good that can bring.
Viewers can learn from hereasy-going attitude and fearless approach to tough situations at hand.