Arose from themind-body debate are the three metaphysical views: Monism, Dualism, andFunctionalism. Monism is supporting the view that everything in the universeultimately boils down to one mental or physical thing (Friedenber &Silverman, 2016, p.
28). There are two forms of monism, the first one beingphysicalism/materialism, which states that “there is only one kind of actual entities, namely, material or physical ones” (Griffin, 2008, p.48). In other words, the mind and the brain don’t interact with each other because “themind is the brain” (Friedenber& Silverman, 2016, p.
29).On the contrary, another form of monism, idealism, dictates that everything wesee is merely a result of our own imagination (Friedenber & Silverman, 2016,p. 29). The next perspective is dualism, which emphasizes the significantdifference between mind and matter, which is further categorized into substancedualism and property dualism (Friedenber & Silverman, 2016, p. 31-32).Substance dualism claims that the body is composed of physical substances,while the mind is a nonphysical thing that is independent of the physical body (Friedenber& Silverman, 2016, p. 32). Thus, the real essence of me, or my “soul” is not related to my physical body.
Property dualism isanother position of looking at dualism. It states that everything is composedof one substance, but with different kinds of physical properties and/or mentalproperties (Friedenber & Silverman, 2016, p. 33).
Another position oflooking at the mind-body relationship is functionalism, which states that a mentalstate “depends not on its internalconstitution, but solely on its function, or the role it plays, in thecognitive system of which it is a part.” (Levin,2013, para. 1). Then, mental states can result in any physical state that canaccomplish the function, whether or not the physical state is “biological” (Egnor, 2015, para. 5).
The metaphysicalview of reality I believe in is dualism,specifically substance dualism. To reiterate, substance dualism states that theessence of me has nothing to do with my body; I can