Art is a diversefield of expressing emotions, technical and imaginative skills of the creatorthat can be expressed in form of visual or auditory representation. Art hasalways been used by humans to communicate and express emotion since thebeginning of time from early Stone Age to present.
The craftsman knows what hewants to make before he makes it. The making of a work of art is a strange andrisky business in which the maker never knows quite what he is making until hemakes it (Collingwood, 1938). Art can beviewed and interpreted in many ways, each person has his own unique judgment,but when art viewed by an expert they use set of rules to judge an artwork thisis known as art criticism.
Art criticism is the analysis and evaluation of artworkin theoretical perspective and to evaluate its importance in the history of art. Experts who criticize art follow certainguideline for art criticism these are known as elements of arts and principlesof art. These guidelines are also used by artist to strengthen their artworkand to have more impact on their audience. Elements of artis kind of like all the basic material needed to make an art. Elements of artconsists of lines, shape, color, value, form, space, texture. Lines can be straight,curved, thick, thin and etc. Color used in art can be bright, monochromatic or dull.
Value is the level of brightness or darkness in colors used. Space is theelement which highlights the positive or negative aspects of the art or can beused to achieve level of depth in art. Form and shape and 3 dimensional and 2 dimensionalelements of art form has volume and depth while shape only has area.
Finally,texture is the how the object feels or looks. Mostly all the elements in artvaries according to artist mood and level of expertise to express theseemotions with depth in art. Principles ofarts is how efficiently the basic material (elements of art) is used. Principleof arts consists of rhythm, balance, emphasis, proportion, gradation, harmony, variety,movement. Rhythm and movement are principles used in artwork to show image of movement.Balance is the principle to add stability or equilibrium to the artwork whichcan be further categorized by symmetrical or asymmetrical. Harmony is combing similarvisually satisfying objects together.
Emphasis is creating a main focus or makinga center of attention in the artwork.