Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Sandy Barnes
Last updated: July 18, 2019
As of 2003, the Human Genome Project was finalized. The focal point of this project was to figure out the complete structure of the genes in a human body. The Human Genome Project gave the world a plan on how a healthy body is supposed to be built. This helped scientists find out more about genetic mutations. This presented the order of the 3 billion base pairs in a human genome. Base pairs are pairs of nitrogenous bases. Due to this, genetic testing is now being performed on people all over the world.
Genetic testing is a medical test that find mutated genes in the human body. Genetic testing should be performed on everyone, because it can diagnose a disease, help people plan ahead, and save lives. Since there is no cure for many diseases, genetic testing is the current cure and is used to diagnose a disease. Even though, genetic testing isn’t a complete cure, it is a step closer to finding a diagnosis for all diseases. According to, (staff, familydoctor.
org editorial. “Genetic Testing: What You Should Know.”Family doctor . org, 16 Aug . 2017, family doctor . org / genetic – testing – what – you – should – know/.) A positive result means you have the chance of having the disease. So, the disease is in your gene, and you have a very high chance of getting it, and passing it down.
A negative result means that the gene wasn’t passed down but you can still get the disease due to natural causes. If a family member who has the disease gets testing, it will show if the gene was passed down or it happened due to natural causes. Basically this means, that if the genetic test result comes back positive, you have the disease in your gene, if it is negative, you do not have the gene mutation, but you can still get the disease. Also, genetic testing can help determine how one has received the gene mutation. Based on the article, (“Screening Saves Lives!” Screening Saves Lives! Genes in Life , www.genes in life . org / blog / screening – saves – lives#sthash.6uwrR2MW.
dpbs.) Genetic testing can help people figure out why a certain disease runs in the family. It will pinpoint the exact cause or gene mutation that is causing the disease to repeatedly cause death.
Both, (“It’s in the Genes: Top 5 Things to Know about Genetic Testing.” Hematology Oncology Associates of Fredericksburg, www.hoa fredericksburg.com/its-in-the-genes-top-5-things-to-know-about-genetic-testing/.) and (“An Argument for Genetic Testing.” Cure Today,www.cure today.com / community / georgia – hurst / 2015/03/an-argument-for-genetic-testing.
) communicates that it is unknown if you are a carrier because you are healthy. So you will not know if you will pass it down or not. Some carriers do not show symptoms of having the disease, but they will pass it down, so knowing you are a carrier can diagnose the disease for others. Genetic testing can diagnose a disease that is not in the family history. For example, if a disease has appeared because of a natural cause, it can still be detected with genetic testing. (“Genomics and Health Impact Blog.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease ControlandPrevention,16 May 2017, blogs.
cdc.gov/genomics/2017/01/25/can-we-use-genetic-screening/. ) (“Genetic Testing.” Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 2017, p. 1p.
1. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/ login.aspx?direct=true&db=funk&AN=GE026250.) wrote, “Genetic testing has caused excitement among scientists and patients because it offers the possibility of predicting future health problems.” You can be diagnosed of having a disease before even having it.
Before symptoms appear, a disease can be found and diagnosed. “Genetic Screening Debate.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013. EBSCOhost, search .
ebsco host.com/ login . aspx? Direct = true & db = t6o&AN=89158199.) explains, “In general, genetic screening is a simple and painless process – a small blood or saliva sample allows scientists to identify chromosomal abnormalities and determine the risk for diseases …” It is an effortless procedure that can save your life by diagnosing the disease. (“FAQ About Genetic Testing.
” National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), www.genome.gov/19516567/faq-about-genetic-testing/.) shows how genetic testing can help diagnose how bad the disease. For example, cancer has four different stages.
The stage of the cancer can be determined with genetic testing, and this will also show how long the person has been affected. (“Benefits and Risks of Genetic Testing.” Genetic Alliance UK, www.genetic alliance . org . uk / information / services – and – testing / benefits – and – risks – of – genetic – testing/.) provides, “If family members are aware that a genetic condition runs in the family, it might prevent them from being misdiagnosed.” Genetic testing, always has the small chance of misdiagnosing someone, so family members should be extra cautious.
(“Genomics and Health Impact Blog.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 May 2017, blogs . cdc . gov / genomics / 2017 / 01 / 25 / can – we – use – genetic – screening/. ) summarizes that genetic testing helps diagnose diseases that are not diagnosed during a normal checkup, unfortunately. However, genetic testing is just like any other checkup, but this one will diagnose a disease. “The ability to obtain personal genetic information quickly and privately without a “prescription”. The information can include disease predisposition and carrier status.
” “DTC Genetics: Pros and Cons.” Genetics Generation, knowgenetics.org/dtc-genetics-pros-and-cons/. ) It is easy and it can quickly diagnose it.
Also, no one needs to know results, except the doctors and who the patient chooses to tell. (“Positive and Negative Aspects of Genetic Testing.” Positive and Negative Aspects of Genetic Testing | IMPACT Targeted Prostate Cancer Screening, www.impact-study.co.uk/public/genetics and cancer/genetic testing/ positive and negative aspects.) contributes, “Individuals who are found not to carry a harmful gene alteration which is known to run in their family may feel that they are less anxious and have a better quality of life; they may also benefit from the knowledge that they have not passed a gene alteration on to their children.” People well be relieved to find that they don’t have the gene.
They also won’t pass a detrimental disease to their children. Lastly, (“Default – Stanford Children’s Health.” Stanford Children’s Health – Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford, www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/ topic / default ? id = uses – of – genetic – testing-90-P02160) confirms, “Diagnostic testing gives a “yes” or “no” answer in most cases.” Usually with genetic testing it diagnoses the disease and there is not a maybe. One will know for sure if they have the disease in their genes or not.
Getting diagnosed for a disease can be a scary and heartbreaking time for many families. Knowing that someone has a disease that has killed previous family members can create a worrisome family. Even worse is knowing that a loved one only has a little bit of time left. However, genetic testing can help prevent this. Getting genetic testing will help diagnose a disease in its early stages or even before one has the disease. Being diagnosed as a carrier or if you have the mutated gene can help diagnose future generations too. There are many ways genes can be passed on, so if someone knows they have the gene, they can be diagnosed early. First, if a parent has a dominant gene, it can be passed on to the child, and the child will have 50% of getting the disease.
On the other hand, the gene giving someone a disease, can happen suddenly if the gene is mutated as it is being passed down from the parent to the child. So, getting genetic testing will inform a family how the disease was passed. Genetic testing not only discovers whether one has the disease or not, but it also uncovers how sever the disease is.
A major life-threatening disease is cancer. The different stages represent the growth of the cancer. There are 4 different stages. 1 means that the cancer is still small, while 4 means it is large.
This is important to know for future steps. Genetic testing is important because it’ll tell someone if they have a disease that has been bothering their family. Instead of being taken by surprise when they realize their life is coming to an end, it can be diagnosed early on. Therefore, genetic testing tests the genes in the human body to diagnose a disease. Genetic testing not only helps diagnose a disease, but people can start to plan ahead. Based on, (“Diagnostic Testing.” Diagnostic Testing | Genes in Life, www.genes in life .
org /testing-services/testing-genetic-conditions/ diagnostic-testing.) “Results also may help family members make healthcare decisions.” It can help family members plan ahead, financially, emotionally, and physically. “You might be able to change your lifestyle to reduce your risk.” If you know you have a risk you can prevent it by changing your lifestyle. “You might be able to get treatment to prevent the disease.
This could include medicine or surgery.” You can get treatment early on. Whether it is medicine, chemotherapy, or surgery, it can prevent the disease. (staff, familydoctor.
org editorial. “Genetic Testing: What You Should Know.” Familydoctor.org, 16 Aug. 2017, familydoctor.org/genetic-testing-what-you-should-know/. ).
(“FAQ About Genetic Testing.” National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), www . genome . gov / 19516567 / faq – about – genetic – testing / .) shares, “For example, as the result of such a finding, someone could be screened earlier and more frequently for the disease and/or could make changes to health habits like diet and exercise.
” Someone can change bad habits such as an unhealthy diet or they can exercise more frequently. Also, if someone has a habit that is affecting their health, such as smoking, stopping it would help. Moreover, (“An Argument for Genetic Testing.” Cure Today, www.curetoday.
com/community/georgia – hurst / 2015 / 03 / an – argument – for – genetic – testing.) conveys that if you get genetic testing, you can find the proper doctors early on, instead of having to rush and find the correct doctors. Doctors that specialize in an area that you need may be hard to find. WIth genetic testing, you will know if you need a doctor in the near future. Instead of having to find a doctor quickly that may not be as good and professional, you will have time to find the best doctor. (Scarantino, Drew Anne.
“Genetic Testing: Worth It or a Waste?” LearnVest – Financial Planning Services and Personal Finance News, 13 June 2013, www.learnvest.com/2013/06/ genetic – testing – worth – it – or – a – waste – of – money. ) writes, “While the tests can cost anywhere from $300 to $3,500, they’re generally covered by insurance.” Luckily, If you get genetic testing, it is usually covered by insurance, so you don’t have to worry about the expense. Similarly, if you get genetic testing done, it will save money if your results are negative. You spent a lot of money all at once, and no more money will need to be spent for frequent check ups.
Just a few will be needed for regular checkups. (“What Are the Benefits of Genetic Testing? – Genetics Home Reference.” U.
S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, ghr.nlm.
nih.gov/primer/testing/benefits. ). (The Genetic Testing Of A Children. www.nuh.nhs.uk/handlers/downloads.
ashx?id=21110.) provides, “We understand how worried parents feel when they know that their child may suffer from a genetic disease, may develop an inherited illness in the future, or may carry a genetic condition that could be passed on to future generations.” It is a sense of relief for the parent if they know their child has a risk. They can do something different in the future to prevent it. (“Benefits and Risks of Genetic Testing.”Genetic Alliance UK,www.
genetic alliance . org . uk / information / services – and – testing / benefits – and – risks – of – genetic – testing/.
). States, “This information might also be of use to them when they are planning children.” Not only will it help you for the future. But it can also help family members when they are planning to have children because it runs in their family. “Knowing you have an increased risk of having a child with a genetic condition might give you the opportunity to be more mentally and practically prepared.” You can plan ahead to prepare yourself when you know that your child has the gene. You will be mentally and emotionally prepared when you find that your child has a disease, because you got genetic testing done.
Genetic testing can help an individual plan ahead. For example, genetic testing can help a family plan on whether they should have children. If both parents have the gene, their children are also likely to have the gene. So, parents should be cautious when making a decision. Also, one can plan ahead about treatment. Treatment for disease are very costly.
Someone who plans to get treatment should be aware of the price and plan on how they are going to afford it. Also, with their doctor they can plan what treatment is the right option for them and also they can find the doctors that specialize in the field they need assistance in. Genetic testing isn’t usually expensive, but if one is diagnosed they are going to have to get regular checkups. This is a lot of money in the long run, so patients have to be careful.
Luckily, if one is safe they will not have to use their money on checkups. Furthermore, people can change their lifestyle to reduce their risk. They can exercise, enhance their diet, and do much more.
So, genetic testing can help families or individuals plan ahead, so they can decrease the risk of getting a disease or get rid of it early on. Genetic Testing is the key to save a life. (“An Argument for Genetic Testing.” Cure Today,www.curetoday.
com/community/ georgia – hurst / 2015 / 03 / an – argument – for – genetic – testing. ) shows, “What many people fail to recognize is that genetic testing for particular genetic mutations may save their lives if they are vigilant with their lifestyles and screenings – such a diagnosis does not necessarily entail a death sentence.” It is not always bad. Once you know if you have the gene or not, then you can take further precautions to help. It doesn’t mean you are definite to die because of the disease.
“In fact, some people are willing to undergo testing simply to further science, in hopes it will benefit their descendants.” It will help science and future generations. Some people are getting genetic testing just to help improve science. (Torrey,Trisha. “Should You Have Genetic Testing?” Verywell, www.verywell.com/the – pros – and – cons – of – genetic – testing – 2615494. ) (“An Argument for Genetic Testing.
” Cure Today,www.curetoday.com/community/ georgia – hurst / 2015 / 03 / an – argument – for – genetic – testing.) communicates, “Your life is not your own, especially when you are a parent. You owe it to yourself, to your children, and to the rest of your family.” You are not only saving your life, you are saving your families life. If you have children or grandchildren, your life matters to them too.
Also, if you get genetic testing you will save their lives, because they will know if they have a risk or not. You can help diagnose other people who are blood related like siblings. They will be aware that they might have a disease. (“Benefits and Risks of Genetic Testing.” Genetic Alliance UK, www.
geneticalliance.org.uk/information/services – and – testing /benefits – and – risks – of – genetic – testing /. ) (“Genomics and Health Impact Blog.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 May 2017, blogs.cdc.gov/genomics/2017/01/25/can-we-use-genetic-screening/. ) summarizes, that diseases are more common than they were previously so getting genetic testing can save lives and reduce the popularity of notorious diseases.
(“Genomics and Health Impact Blog.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 May 2017, blogs.cdc.gov/genomics/2017/01/25/can-we-use-genetic-screening/. ) states, “But it is also becoming clearer that as science progresses, we are discovering more opportunities for using genetic screening of healthy individuals for preventing common diseases across the lifespan.” It can prevent disease throughout someone’s life. Genetic screening will find any disease that are in your genes unless they are caused by nature. (Clara Gaff Program Leader, Melbourne Genomics Health Alliance, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, and Ivan Macciocca Clinical Project Manager for the Melbourne Genomics Health Alliance, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute.
“Treating Illness and Preventing Disease with Genetic Testing.” The Conversation, 10 Dec. 2017, theconversation.com/ treating – illness – and – preventing – disease – with – genetic – testing – 22996. ) shares, “Healthy people have been intrigued by the possibility that genetic testing may tell them more about what the future may hold and then using that knowledge improve their health.
” It can help diagnose the disease or the possibility so they can help save their own life in the future. “The “genomic revolution” will only occur if the information is useful to and used by patients, their doctors and the public.” Genetic testing will be more useful and save more lives in the future if people use it today. Scientists and doctors will want to further the science of genetic testing, if it is helpful in today’s world.
(Clara Gaff Program Leader, Melbourne Genomics Health Alliance, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, and Ivan Macciocca Clinical Project Manager for the Melbourne Genomics Health Alliance, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute. “Treating Illness and Preventing Disease with Genetic Testing.”The Conversation, 10 Dec. 2017, theconversation.
com/treating – illness – and – preventing – disease – with – genetic – testing – 22996.). Genetic testing can help save lives. When someone gets tested, they will also find the chances of passing the disease to their child. They can help reduce the risk of their child getting the disease, so they can save their child’s life.
Also, genetic testing can help save lives of family members, because the same gene could’ve passed to them that was passed to the person affected. Genetic testing also tells future generations to be careful and cautious. If a gene can diagnose a disease that was caused by nature, other generations should be careful. For example, some causes of diseases are radiation, food ingredients, lack of a healthy diet, and lack of exercise.
For children, their life is not their own. A parents or a grandparents life is not their own. Their children or grandchildren are looking up to them. Saving your own life with genetic testing, will help them save their own life.
People are getting genetic testing done just to try and save others life. They do not need it because a disease doesn’t run in their family, but while they are getting genetic testing they could be saving their own life and strangers lives as well. This is because the more people who get genetic testing the more the science behind it will improve resulting in a real cure for all diseases. Thus, genetic testing helps save lives. Everyone should get genetic testing because not only does it diagnose a disease, but it also help people plan ahead, and it saves many lives.
Genetic testing will diagnose a disease that has been destroying lives in your family. It will help people decide what to do next in their life. Moreover, it will save not only the life of someone with a disease, but also their family members.
All in all, genetic testing can change the world of diseases.