As a time capsule of human history, architectural art is an expression of the strengths in the society of that time, which architects are named a great force. It is a form of inexorablevisual art that is witnessed every day. It represents the expression of the society, such as the values, desires, ways of thinking and ideology saw that a specific location. Since it is constrained under many conditions such as the economy, climate responsibility, function, and engineering safety, architects are in charge of the form of the built environment. Furthermore, it is believed to be a work of art that everyone can move and live in, and a form of self-expression. Therefore, standing between the art and technique of designing and building, it is perceived as a work of art.Being one of the most popular in Europe, visited by 1.
4 million visitors each year, the castle was built by the “fairy-tale king”. Afterwards, it became the prototype of all theme park castles. The Neuschwanstein Castle is a 19th-century Romanesque revival palace, standing on a high rock overlooking a lake, built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria as a personal retreat. As it is intended to serve as an inhabitable theatrical setting for King Ludwig II, most buildings built are served as decorative purposes, rather than residential. Being an immoderate enthusiast for Richard Wagner’s operas, this castle is built as an homage for him after his operas, Tannhäuser and Lohengrin, making a lasting impression on him.
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It is his intention “to rebuild the old castle ruin of Hohenschwangau near the Pöllat Gorge in the authentic style of the German Knights’ castle”, he addressed to Richard Wagner.As a European style of building design, flourished during the Medieval era in the early centuries, this is a 19th-century Romanesque-revival palace. Through the use of simple and common shapes, and gathering inspiration from classic Roman architectural elements, such as Byzantine art, as seen in Figure I and Figure ii, it paved the way for Romanesque architecture. Afterwards, they set the scene in the architectural industry by creating arches through zigzags and patterns.Originally, the palace was supposed to be a neo-Gothic style, but it ended up being a fusion of both Gothic and Romanesque. The architecture of the palace is made of simple geometric figures that are widely used in Romanesque Style, upward pointing lines, slim towers and delicate embellishments which is used in Gothic Style and also a hint of Byzantine architecture and art. The palace was also influenced by Byzantine art, such as Christianity art, as seen in Figure I and Figure ii. A various range of materials was used in the construction process, such a sandstone bricks for the portals and bay windows and marble used for windows, arches, and columns were sourced from Schlaitdof in Württemberg and Unterberg nearby Salzburg respectively.
The fronts are covered with white limestone from a nearby quarry, as seen in Figure iii, most materials used for construction were locally accessible resources.The psychological implications of the architecture will influence both imaginations, thinking style and emotions. The throne hall in this palace has high ceilings painted with bright royal hues, it can trigger a series of different thoughts. Having high ceilings can influence one to think more about freedom and being limitless, without involving confinement in the period. The royal hues involved such as gold, blues, and browns, as seen in Figure iv, can associate with different moods and traits. The gold colour could have associated with many such as, wealth, grandeur and prosperity.
Another example is it can represent royalty and the power of it, along glamour and one’s worth. Whereas, the blue colour highly associate itself with depth and stability, also beneficial to the mind and body as it has a calming effect. Moreover, it symbolizes traits such as intelligence, wisdom, faith, and confidence.
Adding on, there is “Tyrian purple”, more commonly known as maroon, is equated with wealth and power. Many groups, such as the Romans and ancient Egyptians used purple as a mark of prestige. Furthermore, in the Byzantine empire, a law was regulated on the sale, production, and wearing of purple for the ones who do not have power, and those who disobey will be imposed with severe penalties.Exploring the parallels between two creative fields, fashion, and architecture, they have many in common. Some might state that architecture follows fashion, even though some may differ and state that fashion follows architecture, and some think that they walk together as one.
Architectural fashion uses materials as building blocks, paying attention to the construction, shape, proportions, and silhouette. In fashion, some designers use architecture as a source of inspiration, shown in both Figure v and Figure vi, having to interpret it to meet their individual style. Having to incorporate architectural elements into designs, few might have exaggerated properties and swooping angles.
For example, elongated proportions and strong silhouettes. There are many ways which fabrics are manipulated through techniques, such as pleating, folding and layering, to build up the final effect of three-dimensional, architectural look. Contradictorily, the techniques and practices that fashion uses, will never be usable in architectural design. Fashion shows innovation, experimentation techniques and fluency with colours, as seen in Figure v, and texture. Furthermore, behaviors of fabrics can be derived and implemented to work on architectural arts. An example of someone being an enthusiast of incorporating architecture and fashion together is the late Pierre Balmain.
As a French fashion designer, known for sophistication and elegance, with a background of architectural art, described the art of dressmaking as “the architecture of movement”.