Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Kari Medina
Last updated: September 19, 2019
Athleteneeds analysis Client2110 has an age of 20 years, with a weight of 65kg and height of 1.76m. The sumof the athlete’s skinfold measurements was 46.3mm. The sport that client 2110performs in is football, playing at a university level. During a typical week,training takes place once on a Monday evening, competitive matches occur on aWednesday afternoon, followed by weight resistance gym sessions on a Thursdayand Friday morning. Their playing position is central midfield.
A studyconducted by Bangsbo et al. (2006) determined that 10-13km is the distance atypical outfield player achieves during a top-level match, as well as midfieldplayers covering the largest distance amongst other positions. Due to the vastnumber of individual differences in the physiological demands of the players, theirpositions and tactical roles must be taken into account when developing thetraining and nutrition programmes. Thesport, football, is labelled as a high intensity, intermittent, non-continuousexercise (Ekblom, 1986).
A sprint bout occurs in the region of every 90seconds, lasting an average of 2-4 seconds. Sprinting represents 1-11% of thetotal distance covered during a typical game, depending on the athlete’sposition. Even though aerobic metabolism constitutes the main energy delivery througha game, performing important tackles, sharp sprints, and jumping are alldetermined by means of anaerobic metabolism (Stølen et al.
, 2005). Nevertheless,the aerobic system plays a hugely significant role in the maintenance ofintensity level during football games, characterised by short bursts ofactivity (Meckel et al., 2009).
Granted that players perform low-intensitybouts for greater than 70% of the game, these values propose that the averageoxygen uptake during a game is more or less 70% VO2max in elitelevel football players, reinforced by measurements in core body temperature. Thiscoincides with the fact that elite players tend to average 150-250 briefintense actions, which signifies that the prominent substrate for energyprovision is muscle glycogen. This is depleted throughout a game and revealsthat levels of creatine phosphate employment and the process of glycolysis arerecurrently high during a game (Bangsbo, 2006). Theforemost nutritional challenge for client 2110 would be to be able to ingestadequate carbohydrate after matches/training sessions. The immediate focusafter a match is to replenish both liver and muscle glycogen stores. This isbecause glycogen-synthesizing enzymes are most functional the moment the gameends (Ranchordas et al., 2017).
Furthermore, drinking sufficient fluid bothduring the game, taking advantage of windows of opportunity (half-time/injuries),and after the game is crucial. Loss of body water and related electrolytes canimpair cardiovascular and thermoregulatory response. If losses are extensivethen exercise performance can also be weakened (Maughan et al., 2004).
However,it is imperative to not forget the importance of the other macronutrients, butcarbohydrates are most noteworthy in being able to let the body exercise forprolonged periods of time.