The importance of moral education and social inequality are the most significant themes in the novel: “To Kill a Mockingbird”. The ideal behavior, in reference to these concepts, is shown by Atticus Finch, who as the father of Scout Finch (the narrator) and her brother Jem, represents the responsibility, justice, wisdom and the voice of conscience in the book.
Through the outlook, behavior and comments of Atticus, the author introduces an optimistic gentleman, who’s worldview makes the reader realize and reflect on the world of the 1940’s, Alabama-Maycomb and its society. Atticus’s optimism leads him to be the only character who not only stands up for his opinion, but does something in order to make a change in the prejudiced and racist environment that the book and many situations in today’s life depict.
He tries to achieve his ideology by educating his kids to be able to interfere against the influence of others and also by undertaking the case of Tom Robinson (an innocent black man, with the prosecution of raping a white woman), in which he starts Don Quixote’s windmill fight, where he counters with the dominant racism in the jurisdiction and most of the society.
The behavior and appearance of Atticus reveal and clarify his attitude, which lead to a solution, where he risks the safety of his family and reputation, in order to save a person’s life. The appearance and movements of Atticus, uncover his wisdom and modesty. He wears thick glasses with bold black rims and reads the newspaper every night, which explains his level of education, something indispensable to create a personal point of view.
His wise and modest behavior is clearly seen when he kills the mad dog. “With movements so swift they seemed simultaneous, Atticus’s hand yanked a ball-tipped lever as he brought the gun to his shoulder… (the dog) flopped over and crumpled on the sidewalk…” He, One-Shot Finch, didn’t use his skill of shooting to boast of, but to save the people. To show and teach his kids not to take pride in their talents is a wise decision, which also reveals his cultivated behavior, his modesty and the way he ants to educate his kids. It is also important to focus on the responsible quality of Atticus, which plays a big role in the education of his kids. The aim of Atticus is to teach Jem and Scout to be able to look for the positive side of a person by considering things from others point of view. For example the case of Mrs. Dubose: “You know, she was a great lady. A lady? Jem raised his head. His face was scarlet.
After all those things she said about you, a lady? ” This example also supports the optimistic worldview of Atticus. Although Mrs. Dubose didn’t treat Atticus fairly, he still understood her behavior revealing his responsible quality, because he made Jem read to that woman even if that wasn’t his duty. The fight for justice is an other important characteristic that Atticus exhibits. This quality also leads to the conclusion that he owns optimistic worldview.
For example, when he accepts the defense of an innocent black man against a white woman. It is clear, that in such a world, evidences don’t matter and he didn’t have chance to win the case. On the other hand, his optimism helped. As the narrator says: “He’s the only man in these parts who can keep a jury out so long in a case like that. And I thought to myself, well, we’re making a step – it’s just a baby-step, but it’s a step.  Atticus’s claim for justice was worth it. He eventuated an improvement in such a society, although he is fighting alone to change the world. In conclusion, the acts and the behavior of Atticus confirm his role in the book, as being the moral center of it and the illustration of a spark of hope, which is revealed by his characteristics that all take us to the same conclusion about his optimistic worldview. Is the fighting with optimism the way we could change the world?
By the end of the book, the truth about the case is revealed, but the death of Tom Robinson may show, that neither the author knows if that is the resolution for that ethic problem; By killing Tom, Atticus’s reason for fighting was killed too. It also shows, that only one person isn’t enough to change the world. As we can see, we are dealing with similar problems in today’s life. Total number of words: 755 ———————–  P. 106  P. 124  P. 238